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Unit 7:10

Respiratory (Updated)

QuestionAnswer
To provide moisture for the air entering the body the naso-lacrimal ducts drain tears from the eye into the nose
A new strain of tuberculosis that is resistant to drug therapy has created concern that tuberculosis will become a widespread infectious disease
The left lung has how many lobes? two lobes
Asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and tuberculosis can lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
The nasal cavities are lined with a mucous membrane and have a rich blood supply.
The right lung has how many lobes? three lobes
The nasal septum divides the nose into two hollow spaces called nasal cavities
Another name for influenza or flu is a viral infection
The inner surfaces of alveoli are covered with a lipid substance that helps to prevent them from collapsing. The substance is called surfactant
An inflammation or infection of the lungs characterized by exudate in the alveoli is called Pneumonia
The pharyngeal tonsils are located in the nasopharynx
The correct name for the voice box is the larynx
In order to carry air to both lungs, the trachea branches into two tubes called bronchi
When cells use oxygen and nutrients to produce energy, water, and carbon dioxide, the process is called cellular respiration
A noninfectious, chronic respiratory condition that occurs when the walls of the alveoli deteriorate and lose their elasticity is emphysema
The leading cause of cancer death in both men and women is lung cancer
There is no symptoms in the early stages and prognosis is poor Lung cancer
The esophagus and trachea branch off of the laryngopharynx
The structures that allow for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and blood are alveoli
The membrane or sac that encloses each lung is a pleura
A respiratory disorder caused by a sensitivity to an allergen is asthma
The correct term for a nosebleed is epistaxis
Tiny hair like structures in the nasal cavities that push trapped particles toward the esophagus so they can be swallowed is called cilia
What happens to air in the nasal cavity It is warmed, moistened, and filtered,
It closes during swallowing to prevent food and liquids from entering the respiratory tract Function of the epiglottis
The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and bloodstream is called external respiration
The exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the body cells and the bloodstream is called internal respiration
Fatigue, fever, night sweats, weight loss, hemoptysis, chest pain is symptoms of (TB) tuberculosis
A respiratory disorder usually caused by a sensitivity to an allergen asthma
Inflammation of the bronchi and bronchial rubes is called bronchitis
Any chronic lung disease that results in obstruction of the airways is called Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
A non infectious, chronic respiratory condition that occurs when the walls of the alveoli deteriorate and lose their elasticity is called emphysema
A highly contagious, viral infection of the upper respiratory system is called influenza (Flu)
An inflammation or infection of the lungs characterized by exudate (build up of fluid) in the alveoli is called pneumonia
An inflammation of the larynx and vocal cords is called laryngitis
A disease with a poor prognosis lung cancer
Inflammation of the pleura, or membranes, of the lungs is called pleurisy
Inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the upper respiratory tract is called a/an upper respiratory infection (URI
A disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis is called tuberculosis (TB)
An inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the sinuses is called sinusitis
An inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes is called rhinitis
How many minutes of oxygen supply does the body have 4-6 minutes
The nasal septum divides the nose into two hollow spaces called nasal cavities
The nasal cavities are lined with a substance that has a rich blood supply, what is it called a mucous membrane
The largest layer of cartilage on the larynx, the thyroid cartilage, is commonly called the Adam's apple.
A series of C-shaped cartilages, open on what surfaces to help keep the trachea open dorsal or back surfaces
Alveoli are made of one layer of what kind of tissue that contains a rich network of blood capillaries squamous epithelial
During expiration, the diaphragm and the intercostal muscles relax
The process of respiration is controlled by the respiratory center in what area of the brain medulla oblongata
An increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood causes the rate of inspirations to increase
To stop a nose bleed, compress the nostrils and tilt the head slightly forward
Most upper respiratory infections that are also highly contagious are caused by a virus
Treatment methods for COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is bronchodilators, cough medications, and mucolytics
They are lined with a mucous membrane, provide resonance for the voice and warm and moisten air. Sinuses
An inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane, resulting in a runny nose, watery eyes, sneezing and congestion is called rhinitis
The membrane or sac that encloses each lung is a pleura
The insertion of a tube into the lung to aid breathing is called a thoracentesis
A CPAP mask is mainly used for the disorder known as sleep apnea
Symptoms of tuberculosis (TB) are fatigue, fever, night sweats, weight loss, hemoptysis, and chest pain
What is the main cause of emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer smoking
Caused by a blockage in the air passage that occurs when the muscles that keep the airway open relax and allow the tongue and palate to block the airway sleep apnea
Caused by a disorder in the brain's respiratory control center central sleep apnea
The nose has two openings called nostrils or nares
The larynx contains two folds, called vocal cords
Created by: votec