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68WM6-A&P 1

QuestionAnswer
Fat-storing tissue Adipose
stage in mitosis when duplicate chromosomes move to opposite poles anaphase
connective tissues consisting of fibers and a variety of cells in a sticky gel matrix areolar
nerve fiber (conducts impulses away from neuron cell body) axon
cellular organelle built of microtubules that organizes the mitotic spindle centriole
DNA + complex protein that condenses to form chromosomes during mitosis chromatin
hairlike processes on the exposed surfaces of certain epithelial cells cilia
shape in which cells are higher than they are wide columnar
abnormal notching in an erythrocyte resulting from shrinking after suspension in a hypertonic solution crenation
cell shape resembling a cube cuboidal
contents of a cell, excluding nucleus and cell membrane cytoplasm
process of a neuron that receives input from other neurons dendrite
double stranded polymer of nuclotides consisting of a phosphate, nitrogenous base (ATG or C), and a sugar (deoxyribose) DNA (Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
separation of diffusable small and nondiffusible large particles and water through a semipermeable membrane dialysis
movement of molecules from higher concentration to lower concentration diffusion
organelle; connected membranous tubules and vesicles along which protein is synthesized endoplasmic reticulum
movement of small molecules through a membrane by hydrostatic pressure filtration
motile "tail" (sperm in humans) flagellum
specialized connective tissue which manufactures blood and lymphatic system cells hemopoietic
greater osmotic pressure (than blood, for example) hypertonic
lower osmotic pressure (than blood, for example) hypotonic
period between two cell divisions when cell metabolizes and prepares to divide interphase
organelle that contains digestive enzymes lysosome
intercellular substance of a tissue matrix
stage in mitosis when chromosomes align in the middle of the cell metaphase
energy producer of the cell mitochondria
cell division forming two genetically identical cells mitosis
nerve cell neuron
small structure in cell nucleus that contains RNA and proteins nucleolus
special type of cytoplasm found in the nucleus nucleoplasm
cellular organelle enclosed by a double layered porous membrane and containing DNA nucleus
part of a cell that performs a specialized function organelle
diffusion of water through a membrane osmosis
process in which a cell engulfs and digests solids phagocytosis
process in which a cell engulfs and digests liquids pinocytosis
barrier between the contents of a cell and tissue fluid, forms the outer boundary of a cell plasma membrane
stage of mitosis when chromosomes become visible prophase
single stranded polymer of nucleotides consisting of a phosphate, nitrogenous base (AUGC) and the sugar ribose RNA (ribonucleic acid)
organelle composed of RNA and protein; provide structural support for protein synthesis "protein factory" Ribosome
flat-or plate-like cell shape squamous
stage in mitosis when newly formed cells separate and cell division is complete telophase
packages protein for shipping golgi apparattus
contains the subjective, or what the patient states are his/her symptoms, along with background information health history
contains the objective, or observed signs that are verifiable by one or more persons physical assessment
Inspection, Palaption, Auscultation, Precussion 4 techniques of physical assessment
Admission, Shift-to-shift, focused 3 types of assessments
study of the structure, form, and organization of the body and its parts anatomy
study of the functions of living organisms and their parts physiology
body position standing erect, face and plams forward, with arms at the sides anatomical position
lying horizontal facing upward supine
lying horizontal facing downward prone
in front of elbow antecubital
wasting away of tissue atrophy
armpit axillary
inside the cheek buccal
hollow places cavities
the head cephalic
the neck cervical
the back dorsal
the thigh femoral
the groin inguinal
lower back/spine lumbar
the foot pedal
behind the knee popliteal
higher superior
lower inferior
front anterior
back posterior
side lateral
middle medial
further from the point of attachment distal
closer to the point of attachment proximal
nearer the surface superficial
farther from the surface deep
lengthwise plane at any location sagittal
lengthwise plane dividing the body into two equal portions midsagittal
physical and chemical changes that occur within the body metabolism
divides the body into anterior and posterior sections frontal plane
divides the body into upper and lower sections transverse plane
Levels of organization (of living organisms) Chemical, cell, tissues, organs, systems, organism
organizations of chemicals; smallest unit of life cell
organizations of similar cells tissues
organizations of different tissues organs
organizations of many differentkinds of organs organ systems
the living body, composed of organ systems working together organism
major organ systems integumentary, muscular, skeletal, nervous, endocrine, circulatory, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, reproductive
major body regions axial and appendicular
head, neck, torso, trunk axial region
upper and lower extremeties appendicular
major body cavities ventral and dorsal
cranial and spinal are part of this cavity dorsal
thoracic and abdominopelvic are part of this cavity ventral
heart and trachea are in this cavity mediastinum
lungs are in this cavity pleural
stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen are in this cavity abdominal
reproductive organs, bladder, and intestines are part of this cavity pelvic
substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction of microorganisms; used on living tissue antiseptic
absence of infectious microorganisms asepsis
person who harbors/spreads organism without showing signs/symptoms of infection carrier
soiled, stained, touched by, or exposed to harmful agents contamination
chemical used to destroy microorganisms; used on inanimate objects disinfectants
infections caused by normal internal organisms endogenous
infections caused by microorganisms from a source outisde the body exogenous
inanimate object that is capable of harboring microorganisms fomite
organism in which another organism is harbored and nurtured host
body is invaded by a microorganism infection
study of microscopic organisms microbiology
microbe that causes disease in susceptible people opportunist
disease-causing microorganism pathogen
standards to protect healthcare workers from exposure to blood and body fluids of patients standard precautions
number and capability of organisms needed to cause disease, death, or both virulence
clean techniques, procedures to remove gross contamination medical asepsis
removal of all micro organisms, sterile techniques surgical asepsis
study of bacteria bacteriology
dormant bacteria in a hard protein shell spores
active bacteria with sticky covering formed under unfavorable conditions, can prevent an antibiotic from working effectively capsule
bacteria that needs oxygen to thrive aerobic
bacteria that thrives in absence of oxygen anaerobic
round-shaped bacteria cocci
rod-shaped bacteria bacilli
spiral shaped bacteria spirochetes
bacteria that grows in chain formation strepto
bacteria that grows in pairs diplo
bacteria that grows in clusters staphylo
a test in which bacteria is grown for identification culture
a test in which different antibiotics are tested for their effectiveness on a cultured bacteria sensitivity
this is caused by improper use of antibiotic resistance
study of viruses virology
smallest disease causing agent virus
study of fungi mycology
antibiotics increase the risk of this kind of infection fungal
study of parasites parasitology
two types of parasites protozoa and helminthic
biggest variable contributing to disease susceptibility
the body's first line of defense skin, cilia, normal flora, mucus membranes
the body's second line of defense phagocytes, lysozymes, digestive enzymes
the body's third line of defense humoral immune response (antibodies
factors contributing to susceptibility age, immune status, points of entry, nutrition, medical treatment, the virulence invasiveness, and body response to the infecting agent
factors contributing to hospital acquired infections antibiotics, lack of aseptic technique, shortage of staff, different types of health workers, overcrowning of hospitals, medications, surgeries
gland whose secretions contain parts of secretory cells apocrine gland
smooth muscle in skin associated with a hair fillicle arector pili muscle
layer of extracellular matrix that anchors epithelial tissue to underlying connective tissue basement membrane
protein in connective tissue and in bone matrix collagen
pertaining to the skin cutaneous
thick layer of skin beneath the epidermis dermis
sweat gland that maintains body temperature eccrine
outer epithelial layer of the skin epidermis
tubelike depression in the skin in which a hair develops hair follicle
skin and accessory organs form this system integumentary system
protein in epidermis, hair, and nails keratin
process by which cells form fibrils of keratin and harden keratinization
dark pigment normally found in skin and hair melanin
melanin-producing cells melanocytes
skin gland that secretes sebum sebaceous glands
beneath the skin subcutaneous
exocrine gland in skin that secretes a misture of water, salt, urea, and bodily wastes sweat (sudoriferous) gland
three main layers of skin epidermis, dermis, subcutaneous
outer layer of skin, protects the body from water loss, mechanical injury, chemicals, mocroorganisms, and allows skin to repair itself epidermis
thick inner layer of skin composed mostly of connective tissue, has the blood supply which nourishes inner part of epidermis dermis
layer of connective tissue and adipose beneath dermis, conserves heat, stores energy, and serves as an insulator subcutaneous
accessory organs of the integumentary system hair, nails, sweat glands, eccrine glands, apocrine glands, sensory receptors, arrector pili muscle, sebaceous glands
bilayered sheets covering organs and lining body cavities serous membranes
the two layers of serous membrane in the pleural cavity visceral pleura, parietal pleura
the two layers of serous membrane in the pericardial cavity visceral pericardium, parietal pericardium
the two layers of serous membrane in the abdominal cavity visceral peritoneum, parietal peritoneum
risk factors for pressure ulcers bed/chair confinement; inability to move; loss of bowel/bladder controm; poor nutrition
contributing factors for pressure ulcers decreased mental awareness; obesity; dehydration; sweating; age; edema
stage I pressure ulcer sign non-blanchable erythema
stage II pressure ulcer sign partial thickness skin loss (can appear like abrasion, blister, or shallow crater)
stage III pressure ulcer sign Full thickness skin loss; susbcutaneous tissue damaged or necrotic
stage IV pressure ulcer sign full tissue skin loss with damage to muscle, bone, or supporting structures
four main kinds of tissues in the body epithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
this type of tissue covers body surfaces and organs, lines body cavities, has no blood supply, and is composed of tightly packed cells epithelial tissue
this tissue is the most aboundant and widely distributed tissue in the body; "cells in a matrix" connective tissue
This tissue is the movement specialist of the body, attaches to bones, composes the heart, and is found in the walls of hollow organs muscle tissue
this type of tissue is found in the brain, spinal cord, and perhipheral nerves nervous tissue
device for receiving feces and urine from either male or female patients confined to bed bedpan
corner of the eye canthus
ear wax cerumen
waterproof pads chux
artificial teeth dentures
circular area around the eye curcumorbital
sweating diaphoresis
redness erythema
science of health, care of the skin, hair, hands, feet, eyes, ears, nose, mouth, back, and perineum hygeine
care of the oral cavity that helps maintain a health state of the mouth, teeth, gums, and lips oral hygeine
care of the genitals perineal care
normal movement that any joint is capable of making range of motion
lying on the side sim's position
fainting syncope
device for collecting urine urinal
dizziness vertigo
Created by: ewoff85