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Worsham Embalming Q1

Thanatology the study of death in all aspects: philosophical, theological, psychological, social, medical, etc.
the old definition of death when the heart and respiration stops
current def. of death total cessation of all brain activity and function
apparent death when the heart beat, respiration, body temp, and other vital functions are feebly maintained.
death rattle a sound sometimes made by the dying caused by labored breathing of air passing through bronchial mucus
Show of semi-convulsive twitches or series of movements given by the muscles of the body just before death death struggle
agonal period the time immediately before death
moribund in a dying state during the agonal period
what are the final words of one who is dying called in articulo mortis "at the edge"
cadaver a dead human body embalmed in a specific way for the purpose of anatomical dissection
the elements left over after the cremation of a human body are known as cremains
mortality rate the ratio of a number of deaths over a given peroid of time within a specific population
morbidity rate the ratio of a number of specific diseases over a given peroid of time within a specific population
the word _____ should never be used when talking about cremated human reamins ashes; it's unprofessional!
somatic death death of the whole organism, the breakdown of all intra body coordination
the first stage of death whereby there is a cessation of heart beat and respiratin for up to 5 mins. during which time life may be restored clinical death
biologic death irrevocable or irreversible death and occurs after clinical death, this is legal death
who came up with the tripod of life? Bichat
what organs are included in the tripod of life heart, lungs, brain
syncope when the heart is the first to go
coma when the brain is the first to go
asphyxia when the lungs are the first to go
cellular death follows somatic death, aka anoxia or death of individual cells
hypoxia reduction of oxygen
molecular decomp will follow
necrobiosis anti-mortum of cells and their replacement by new, most frequently skin and red blood cells, this is normal
necrosis pathological death of certain cells in a living body and not a natural process such as bed sores
signs of death those sensable manifestations that indicate the adsences of life in the human body
a person must meet 2 or more of the signs of death in order to confirm death, T/F true, because some medical conditions can resemble most of the signs
The ONLY sign of death that does not need another sign to varify general decomp
cessation of heart beat, respiration & blood flow stopped for 5 mins. presumpted evidence of death one sign of death
Algor Mortis post mortum adjustment of body temp to that of surrounding environment
Rigor Mortis post mortum rigidity or temporary stiffness of the voluntary and involuntary muscles as a result of chemical changes.
Livor Mortis lividity which is the settleing of the blood to the dependent party of the body clostest to the gravitation pull of the Earth.
Dehydration loss of moisture through the skin that causes hardness and darkening of the skin
changes in the eyes include cornia becomes cloudy/milky, eyeball softens and flattens can sink into back of socket, shine is gone leaving the eye dull
what is the first sign of death that starts but the last to be seen decomposition
where is the first place decomp is noticeable lower right quadrant
tests for death any procedure used to prove a sign of death
what are the expert tests for death stethoscope test, opthalomoscope test, dye injection test, electrocardiograph, and electrencephalograph test.
what are the inexpert or common tests for death heart beat/resp., pulse test, ligature test, ammonia injection test, and mirror test
what are the PM chemical changes Decomp, proteolysis, sacchrolysis, lipolysis, nutolysis
what is proteolysis decomp of proteins
what is sacchrolysis the breakdown of the sugars glucose and glycogen
lipolysis decomp of fats
autolysis self destruction of the cell
lysosomes do what digestion
what are the two types of prteolysis putrefaction and decay
putrefaction caused by enzymes, produces anaerobic bacteria and does not need O
decay produces aerobic bacteria and needs O
fermentation the breakdown of carbohydrates into organic acids by anaerobic bacteria
gas disstention gas build up
adipocere is also known as grave max
when the body is in direct contract with alcohiline earth what process could occur saponificatioin
what are physical signs of decomp change in skin color, odor, purge, skin slip (desquamation), gas collection
what are intrinsic factors within the body
what are the intrinsic factors age, gender, corpulenc (fat), cause of death, bacteria, moisture level in the tissues, thermal levels, drugs
what is extrinsic factors outside the body
what are the extrisic factors access to air, atmosphereic moisture, temp of the environment, bacteria, pressure due to clothing/earth
what is the ideal temp for bacteria growth 99.5F
what is the first and last two organs to decompose lining of the larynx & trachea and blood vessels and non-pregnant uterus
what are the 3 stages of rigor 1-primary flaccidity, 2-onset, duration & termination, 3-secondary flaccidity
what is the equation for Casper's Law 1:2:8
what does Casper's Law mean a body at 1 week decomp in open air will display the same level of decomp as a body in water and a body buried in earth at 8 weeks will display the same level of decomp as the open air body at 1 week
what does custus an serina mean or what is it goose pimps, it's a sign a body is in rigor. the constriction of the folics will make the hair stand up
rigor is also known as cadaveric rigidity
even though rigor is the most variable, about when does it sets in 8-20 hours after death
algor is also known as pm caloricity
what is the rate of heat loss 4 degrees an hour for the 1st 4 hours, then 1.5 degrees an hour thereafter
livor is also known as pm lividity or cadaveric lividity or cadaveric ecchymosis or passive congestion and hypostatic congestion
the 3 blood clots are cruor, chicken fat clot and white fiber clot
describe a cruor clot jelly-like
describe a chicken fat clot white cells separate and clump together and sometimes form on top of the cruor clots
describe a white fiber clot the worst to remove, formed from the fiber of the blood and especially likes haging oyt in the right atrium.
what factors may effect the onset, duration & termination rigor age, cause of death, muscular condition
what conditions may be mistaken for rigor heat stiffening, cold stiffening, catalepsy, and cadaveric spasm
Created by: 1157564676