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Micro Qtr. 3

QuestionAnswer
*Spherical grape-like clusters *Produces toxins & enzymes *Transmission: Direct Contact (most common), Indirect Contact *Portals of Entry/Exit: Broken Skin, GI Tract, Respiratory Tract Staphylococcus aureus
Name some of the diseases caused by Staphylococcus aureus *Most Common- Skin Abscess *Food Poisoning *Nosocomial Infections *Toxic Shock Syn. *Impetigo *Scalded Skin Syn.
*Spherical chain-like arr. *Beta-hemolytic Group A *Produces toxins & enzymes *Transmission: Direct Contact (most common), Indirect Contact *Portals: Respiratory Tract, Broken Skin Streptococcus pyogenes
Name some of the diseases caused by Streptococcus pyogenes *Most Common-Strep Throat (Septic Sore Throat, Pharyngitis) *Scarlet Fever *Rheumatic Fever *Puerperal Sepsis (Childbirth Fever) *Toxic Shock Syn. *Impetigo *Erysipelas (St. Anthony's Fire)
*Spherical chain-like arr. *AKA: Pneumococcus *Produces a capsule *Transmission: Direct Droplet Contact, Indirect Contact *Portals: Respiratory Tract Streptococcus pneumoniae
Name some of the diseases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae *Lobar Pneumonia *Otitis Media (Mid. Ear Infection) *Meningitis
*Spherical *AKA: Gonococcus *Produces Pili/fibriae *Transmission: Direct Contact (most common), Indirect Contact *Portals: Genitourinary Tract, Eyes Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Name the diseases that can be caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae *Gonorrhea *Ophthalmia Neonatorum
*Spherical *AKA: Meningococcus *Transmission: Direct Droplet Contact, Indirect Contact *Portals: Respiratory Tract Neisseria meningitidis
Name the diseases caused by Neisseria meningitidis *Epidemic Meningitis (Meningococcemia)
*Rod Shaped *Most virulent strain of salmonella *Most Common Transmission:Oral Fecal Route (indirect) *Portals: Gastrointestinal Tract Salmonella typhi
Name the disease caused by Salmonella typhi Typhoid Fever
*Rod Shaped *Most virulent strain of shigella *Transmission: Indirect *Portals: Gastrointestinal Tract Shigella dysenteriae
Name the disease caused by Shigella dysenteriae Shigellosis AKA Bacillary Dysentery
*Rod Shaped *Transmission: Indirect Contact *Portals: Gastrointestinal Tract, Urinary Tract Escherichia coli
Name the diseases caused by Escherichia coli *Different forms of gastroenteritis *Most common cause of UTIs
*Rod Shaped *Produces a capsule *Ability to translocate to the lungs *Transmission: Direct, Indirect, Opportunistic *Portals: GI Tract, Urinary Tract, Respiratory Tract Klebsiella pneumoniae
Name the diseases caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae *Lobar Pneumonia (Hospital Acquired Pneumonia) *Gastroenteritis *UTIs
*Rod Shaped *Colonies smell like burnt chocolate *Transmission: Indirect, Direct, Opportunistic, Nosocomial *Portals: Broken Skin, Urinary Tract, GI Tract Proteus mirabilis
Name the diseases caused by Proteus mirabilis *Secondary Infections of Burn Wounds *UTIs *Gastroenteritis
*Rod Shaped *Blue-green pus in wounds *Transmission: Opportunistic, Indirect, Direct, Nosocomial *Portals: Broken Skin, Urinary Tract, GI Tract Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Name the diseases caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa *Burn Wound Infections *UTIs *Gastroenteritis *Ear Infections *Pneumonia
*Rod Shaped *Produces a capsule & Pertussis Toxin *Transmission: Direct Droplet *Portals: Respiratory Tract Bordetella pertussis
Name the disease caused by Bordetella pertussis Pertussis (Whooping Cough) *young children are high risk group *Vaccine: DTaP
*Rod Shaped *Transmission: Direct Droplet *Portals: Respiratory Tract **young children are high risk group **Vaccine: Hib Haemophilus influenzae
Name the disease caused by Haemophilus influenzae Bacterial Influenzal Meningitis *bacteremia is also a concern
*Rod Shaped, Zoonosis *Transmission: Indirect contact with rat flea; Direct Droplet Contact Portals: Broken Skin, Respiratory Tract Yersinia pestis
Name the diseases caused by Yersinia pestis *Bubonic Plague *Septicemic Plague *Pneumonic Plague
*Rod Shaped, Zoonosis *Transmission: Direct contact via handling infected animals; Indirect contact *Portals: Skin, GI Tract, Respiratory Tract Francisella tularensis
*Spore-forming, Rod shaped, Zoonosis, Biological Warfare *Produces a capsule, exotoxin, endospore *Transmission: Direct & Indirect *Portals: Broken Skin, Respiratory Tract, GI Tract Bacillus anthracis
Name the diseases caused by Bacillus anthracis *Anthrax -Cutaneous Infection forming an eschar -Pulmonary Infection (Wool Sorter's Disease) -Typhoidal Anthrax
*Spore-forming, Rod shaped *Produces endospore & toxin (botulinin) *Transmission: Indirect *Portals: GI Tract, Broken Skin Clostridium botulinum
Name the diseases caused by Clostridium botulinum *Food-bourne Botulism *Infant Botulism *Wound Botulism
*Spore-forming, Rod shaped *Obligate Anaerobe *Produces exotoxins, endospores, hyaluronidase enzyme *Transmission: Indiret *Portals: Broken Skin, GI Tract Clostridium perfringens
Name the diseases caused by Clostridium perfringens *Gas Gangrene (antemortem) *Tissue Gas (post-mortem) *Food Poisoning
*Spore-forming, Rod shaped *Obligate Anaerobe *Produces endospores, the neurotoxin tetanospasmin *Transmission: Indirect *Portals: Broken Skin **Vaccine: DTaP Clostridium tetani
Name the disease caused by Clostridium tetani Tetanus (Lockjaw)
*Bacilli/club-shaped & pleomorphic *Exotoxin forms a pseudomembrane *Resistant to drying *Transmission: Direct Droplet & Indirect Air-borne *Portals: Respiratory Tract & Broken Skin *DTaP Vaccine Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Name the diseases caused by Corynebacterium diptheriae *Diphtheria (respiratory most common) *Cutaneous Diphtheria
*Bacilli, Obligate Aerobe, Acid-Fast, long gen. time (20+ hrs) *Can survive in dried sputum for weeks *Resilient cell wall (high lipid content) *Transmission: Direct Droplet & Indirect Air-Borne (also ingestion) *Portals: Respiratory, GI Tract, Split Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Name the diseases caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis *Tuberculosis -Lungs (Pulmonary) -Miliary *forms a tubercle
*Bacilli, Acid-Fast, High lipid content to cell wall *Opportunistic form of TB in AIDS patients Mycobacterium avium
*Bacilli, Acid-Fast, Grows in peripheral nervous system, 30C opt. growth temp *Resilient cell wall *Transmission: Direct with nasal secretions *Portals: Broken Skin & Respiratory Tract Mycobacterium leprae
Name the diseases formed by Mycobacterium leprae *Leprosy (Hanson's Disease) -Tuberculoid Lep. -> neural form -Lepromatous Lep. -> progressive
*Unique lipid in cell wall *Resists phagocytosis & survives low levels of chlorine *Found naturally in water *Transmission: Indirect Air-Borne, non-communicable *Portals: Respiratory Tract Legionella pneumophila
Name the disease caused by Legionella pneumophila *Legionnaire's Disease (Legionellosis) -Milder form= Pontiac Fever
*Psychrophile, Pleomorphic, Excreted in animal feces *Crosses the placenta, Resists phagocytosis, affinity for growth in the CNS *Transmission: Indirect Ingestion & Direct Placental *Portals: GI Tract & Placenta Listeria monocytogenes
Name the disease caused by Listeria monocytogenes *Listeriosis (Listeria) +Pregnant & Immunocompromised are high risk group
*Comma/Curved Shape, Produces Cholera Toxin (blocks absorption of H2O, salts, electrolytes= rice water stools) *Transmission: Indirect Ingestion *Portals: GI Tract Vibrio cholerae
Name the disease caused by Vibrio cholerae *Asiatic Cholera
*Spirochete, Teflon Pathogen, Crosses the placenta *Transmission: Direct via Placenta, STD *Portals: Placenta, Genitourinary Tract Treponema pallidum
Name the disease caused by Treponema pallidum *Syphilis +Acquired -Primary -> chancre -Secondary -> skin rashes -Latent -Tertiary -> gummas +Congenital
*Spirochete, Zoonosis, Bull's Eye Rash *Transmission: Indirect with an insect vector (deer tick bite; also biological vector) *Portals: Broken Skin Borrelia burgdorferi
Name the disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi *Lyme Disease (Lyme Borreliosis)
*Spirochete, Zoonosis *Transmission: Direct with contaminated animal urine, Indirect with ingestion of H2O contaminated with animal urine *Portals: Broken Skin, GI Tract Leptospira interrogans
Name the disease caused by Leptospira interrogans *Leptospirosis (Infectious Jaundice) aka Swineherder's Flu/Jaundice, Sewerman's Flu +Weil's Disease-advanced case -causes liver/kidney damage/failure
*Vibrio, Produces an Enterotoxin *Transmission: Indirect with Ingestion *Portals: GI Tract Campylobacter jejuni
Name the disease caused by Campylobacter jejuni *Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter gastroenteritis) +Guillain-Barre' Syndrome- rare complication (temp form of paralysis starting in lower extremities)
*Among the smallest of the free-living bacteria *No cell wall, Pleomorphic *Transmission: Direct Droplet *Portals: Respiratory Tract Mycoplasma pneumoniae
Name the disease caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae *Mycoplasmal Pneumonia aka Primary Atypical Pneumonia, Walking Pneumonia
*Obligate intracellular parasite, Spread by arthropod vector, Typhus Disease *Transmission:Indirect with an insect vector (human body louse bite) *Portal: Broken Skin Rickettsia prowazekii
Name the disease caused by Rickettsia prowazekii *Epidemic Typhus aka Louse Borne Typhus
*Obligate Intracellular Parasite, Spread by arthropod vector, Typhus Disease *Transmission: Indirect with an insect vector (rat flea bite) *Portal: Broken Skin Rickettsia typhi
Name the disease caused by Rickettsia typhi *Endemic Murine Typhus aka Fleaborne Typhus
*Obligate Intracellular Parasite, Spread by arthropod vector, Typhus Disease *Transmission: Indirect with an insect vector (tick bite) *Portal: Broken Skin Rickettsia rickettsii
Name the disease caused by Rickettsia rickettsii *Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever aka Tickborne Typhus
*Obligate Intracellular Parasite, Typhus Disease *Transmission: Indirect Air-borne *Portal: Respiratory **Originated in placental material after calves were born Coxiella burnetii
Name the disease caused by Coxiella burnetii *Q Fever (Q=query) +pneumonia-like illness
*Obligate Intracellular Parasite *Transmission:Direct by STD, hand to eyes, Mother to infant's eyes *Portals: Genitourinary Tract, Eyes Chlamydia trachomatis
Name the diseases caused by Chlamydia trachomatis *Inclusion Conjunctivitis *Trachoma (eye inf.) *Nongonococcal Urethritis (NGU) *Reiter's Syndrome *Nonspecific Urethritis (NSU) *PID *Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV)
*Obligate Intracellular Parasite *Transmission: Indirect Airborne, Direct with an infected bird *Portal: Respiratory Tract Chlamydia psittaci
Name the disease caused by Chlamydia psittaci *Psittacosis aka Parrot Fever, Ornithosis
Created by: sbarton