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Emergency MR

McGraw-Hill Emergency Medical Responder 2nd Edition Ch.40 & 42

QuestionAnswer
A method of decontamination that destroys all microorganisms including highly resistant bacterial spores. Sterilization
True emergency A situation in which there is a high possibility of death or serious injury and the rapid response of an emergency vehicle may lessen the risk of death or injury.
Operation of an emergency vehicle while responding to a medical emergency. Emergency response
Low-level disinfection A method of decontamination that destroys most bacteria, some viruses and fungi, but not tuberculosis bacteria or bacterial spores.
Decontamination The use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy bloodborne pathogens on a surface to the point where it is no longer capable of transmitting infectious particles & the surface is considered safe for handling, use, or disposal
A method of decontamination that destroys all microorganisms except large numbers of bacterial spores. High-level disinfection
A method of decontamination that destroys tuberculosis bacteria, vegetative bacteria, and most viruses and fungi but not bacterial spores. Intermediate-level disinfection
Intersections Where most accidents involving emergency response vehicles occur.
Scene safety, Traffic volume and flow, Egress from the scene, and distance from the patients and the scene Important areas to consider when placing an emergency vehicle at the scene of an emergency.
Correct procedure for transferring the patient to the ambulance. Ensure all dressings and splints are secure, Transfer patient to the transport vehicle, Secure patient to stretcher and lock stretcher in place, Before leaving the scene the driver should ensure that outside compartment doors are closed and secure
Location of the call, Nature of the call, Name, location, and callback number of the caller, Location of the patient, Number of patients and severity of the problem, Other special problems (such as Hazardous materials). Essential information needed in order to respond to a call.
Any event that places a great demand on resources--equipment, personnel, or both. Multiple-casualty incident (MCI)
Triage Sorting multiple victims into priorities for emergency medical care or transportation to definitive care.
A nationally recognized method of sorting patients by the severity of their illness or injury; (simple triage and rapid treatment) START triage system
Areas evaluated during initial START assessment. The ability to walk (ambulation), Respirations, Perfusion, and Mental status
Red tag on patient involved in a MCI Immediate--Priority-1(P-1)
Yellow tag on patient involved in a MCI Delayed--Priority-2 (P-2)
Green tag on patient involved in a MCI Hold--Priority-3 (P-3):ambulatory patients,"Walking wounded"
Black tag on patient involved in a MCI Deceased--Priority-0 (P-0)
Examples of Immediate-patient priorities Airway and breatheng difficulties, Uncontrolled or severe bleeding, Decreased mental status, Severe medical problems, Shock, and Severe burns
Examples of Delayed-patient priorities Burns without airway problems, Major or multiple bone or joint injuries, and Back injuries with or without spinal cord damage
Examples of Hold-patient priorities Minor painful, swollen, deformed extremities and Minor soft tissue injuries
Created by: Jimmyc