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ELA and Reading

Flashcards for Reading and ELA 4/5

antonym words that have opposite meanings; for example old and young
tall tale an exaggerated, unreliable story
encyclopedia a book of facts that is updated annually
table of contents a list of chapters or articles at the beginning of a book and the pages on which they start
index an alphabetical list of subjects treated in a book. It usually appears at the end of the book and identifies page numbers that information appears.
dictionary a reference resource where you can find an alphabetical listing of words. You can find meanings, speallings, parts of speech, and pronounciation guide
fantasy literature that has highly imaginative elements; Peter Pan
Fiction literature created by imagination and is not based on acutal situation
homophone words that sound the same but are spelled differently and have different meanings
exclamatory sentence a sentence that shows excitement, ending with an exclamation point
nonfiction literature based on facts or actual events
fact something that actually exists and can be proven
synonym different words that have the same meaning
metaphor figurative language that compares unlike items NOT using like or as
idiom a commonly used phrase that doesn't make sense when taken literally; for example raining cats and dogs
simile figurative language that compares two unlike items using like or as
multiple meaning a word that can have more than one meaning
adjective a word that describes and modifies a noun
pronoun a word taht takes the place of a noun; example he, she, it
declarative sentence a sentence that states a fact and ends with a period
imperative sentence a sentence that gives a command.
verb an action word
predicate another word for verb; action in the sentence
interrogative sentence a sentence that asks a question and ends with a question mark
noun part of speech that names a person, place, thing, or idea
adverb a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or adverb. often ends in -ly
character a person represented in a story; a part or role
inference using details from a text to understand meaning that is not included
drawing conclusions combine schema with clues provided in text to form an idea
glossary list of terms at the back of the book explaining or defining difficult or unusual words that were used in text
bibliography list of books and articles consulted, appearing at the end of a book or other text
atlas a collection of maps and geographical information
almanac a annual publication containing events, rainfall, sunrises, phases of moon, etc
thesaurus a reference resource that lists synonyms and antonyms for a selected word
setting the place or time in which the action of a story takes place
fable a short tale to teach a moral lesson; often with animals
folk tale any belief or story passed on traditionally, especially one considered to be based on superstition
plot storyline; the plan or scheme of a story
theme main idea, moral, or message of a story
opinion a belief not based on concrete proof
hyperbole using exaggerated information to strenghten ideas in a story
alliteration using beginning letters repeatedly; Rick rolled his red rocket right down Robs roof.
Rhyme scheme ending words in poetry that rhyme; AB AB, AA BB CC
onomatopoeia formation of a word that mimics the word that it is describing; buzz, crash
simple sentence sentence that contains one independent clause
compound sentence sentence that contains two independent clauses that are joined by a comma and a conjunction
conjunction word that separates two independent clauses and follows a comma; FANBOY
complex sentence sentence that contains one independent clause and one dependent clause
compound-complex sentence sentence that contains at least two independent clauses and one dependent clauses
interjection a word that expresses strong emotions but otherwise has no meaning in the sentence
contraction joining two words together with the use of an apostrophe
Created by: cmcginley