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vocbulary on the digestice system

Ingestion Food being placed in the mouth so it can be acted on
Digestion the bodily process of breaking down foods chemically and mechanically
Absorption passage of a substance into or across a blood vessel or membrane
Defecation/Elimination the elimination of the contents of the bowels
Mechanical Digestion/Mastication the act of chewing
Esophagus tube that runs from the pharynx through the diaphragm to the stomach
Incisor the chisel-shaped tooth in the front of the mouth that is adapted to cutting
Bicuspid used for grinding of food. found behind the canine teeth
Molar Found behind the bicuspid. It is used for grinding.
Canines fanglike teeth used for tearing
Gingiva the gums
Dentin a bone like material, underlies the the enamel and forms the bulk of the tooth
Pulp supplies the tooth with nutrients and supplies the tooth with sensations
Crown the top and upper portion of the tooth
Neck connects the crown and the roots of a tooth
Root the part of the tooth that is rooted in the gums
Saliva the secretion of salivary glands duct into the mouth
Bolus a rounded mass of food prepared by the mouth for swallowing.
Pharynx the muscular tube extending from the posterior of the nasal cavities to the esophagus
Peristalsis the waves of contraction seen in tubelike organs; propels substances along the tract
Chyme the semifluid stomach contents consisting of partially digested food and gastric secretions
Pyloric sphincter a ring of smooth muscle fibers around the opening of the stomach into the duodenum
Pepsin an enzyme capable of digesting proteins in acid pH.
Gastrin a hormone that stimulates gastric secretion, especially hydrochloric acid release
Hepatocytes a parenchymal cell of the liver
Bile a greensish-yellow or brownish fluid produced in and secreted by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and released into the intestines.
Lipase any of a group of enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of fats into glycerol and the fatty acids
Amylase any of a group of enzymes that are present in saliva, pancreatic juice, and part of plants and catalyze the hydrolysis of starch to sugar to produce carbohydrate derivatives Jejunum
Colon the section of the large intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum
Ileum the terminal part of the small intestine; between the jejunum and the cecum of the large intestine.
Villi fingerlike projections of the small intestinal mucosa that tremendously increase its surface area for absorption
Gastric relating to or involving the stomach
Insulin the hypoglycemic hormone produced in the pancreas affecting carbohydrate and fat metabolism, blood glucose levels, and other systemic processes
Trypsin pancreatic enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of proteins to form smaller polypeptide units.
Created by: JustenRhyne