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Worsham Sociology Q1

Sociology is the study of group behavior & societies (any brake down of groups)
Androcentricity is a male prospective
Values are culturely defined standards people use to decide what is desirable, good & beautiful.
Paterns of ideas and acts with great moral sugnifigence or "must" behaviors are Mores (Morays)
Taboos, Laws and Rules are examples of... Mores (morays)
Taboos are mores describing what we must not do.
Laws are mores enforced & punished by legislature
Rules are mores enforced by a group
Behaviors determinded by traditions of the people are Customs
Less compulsive behaviors for routine or casual interactions. AKA Grease that makes society work well Folkway
Demographics Science of vital satistics of a particular population such as births, deaths and marriages
Statistics A way to use numbers to understand information. Always know the sources.
What are the three averages to measure populations. Mode, Median, Mean
Mode The most common value
Median When in decending order, the value in the middle. If there is an even number of values then average the 2 middle values.
Mean The mathmatical average of the values
What is the different between the largest and smallest numbers? Range
Correlation Two numbers that change together.
Causation One characteristic of a population that changes and causes another characteristic to change
Life Expectancy Estimated number of years remaining in a persons life at a particular time.
half will pass before this, half will live past this Life Expectancy
Mortality Rate or Death Rate Proportion number of people that have died in a time compared to the number of people total in the population.
The number of live birth infants that died in the first year of life. Infant Mortality Rate
Cause of Death A field on the death cirtificate using only certain words with primary, secondary and third explaination of death.
No identifable relationship Confounding
People in similar groups co-hort
What is the Mode of: 30k, 22k, 22k, 34k, 42k, 165k, 35k 22k: 22k, 22k, 30k, 34k, 35k, 42k, 165k
What is the Median of: 30k, 22k, 22k, 34k, 42k, 165k, 35k 34k: 22k, 22k, 30k, 34k, 35k, 42k, 165k
What is the Mean of: 30k, 22k, 22k, 34k, 42k, 165k, 35k 50k: 22k+22k+30k+34k+35k+42k+165k=350k/7=50k
What is the Range of: 30k, 22k, 22k, 34k, 42k, 165k, 35k 143k: 165k-22k=143k
Industrialization individual crafting replaced by manufacturing of mass produced goods
Urbanization moving form rural to cities
Class grouping people together based of balues of society (profession, $, family)
Social stratification determing what social class one belongs in
Geographic mobility moving from place to place
Class mobility moving to a different social class
Neo-localization tendancy of children to live in a different local then parents
Bureaucratization creating a system that governs thru departments managed by sets of offices following inflexible routines, such as the DMV
Inter-generational parents help their children raise to a different class
Intra-generational oneself moving to a higher social class
Nuclear family mother and father with siblings, traditionally in urban settings
Extended family mother, father, grandparents, and sometimes others with siblings and sometimes cousins, traditionally rural
Modified Extended family nuclear in the house but nearby relatives act as extended family
Single parent family Just mother or father and siblings
Blended family Re-married mother and/or father with siblings from 2 families, possibly children from this new marriage
Partiarchal Father rules the family. Typically power is passed to the oldest male child
Matriarchal Mother rules the family.
Egalitarian Mother and Father have equal part in the decision making, power and duties
Joint Family usually in rural setting, sons marry and bring wife to live by his parents, daughters move away to live near hubby's family and patriarchal.
Cohabiting Family not married but living together, normally with children
society group of people that live together
culture patterns shared by members of society. (rules, beliefs and other ideas
subculture subset of a culture with owe culture/rules/ideas/beliefs
contemporary 1-current 2-living at the same time
enculturation learning about cultural ideas and beliefs
cultural universal patrern of living and common in all cultures
religion pattern of behavior about scared beliefs and feelings about those beliefs & conduct
ethnocentrism my culture is right and I judge everyone by my standards
cultural relativism find value in other cultures and consider their values
how is divorce and family structure changing leveled off and slightly downward
is hospice care increasing or decreasing increasing
green movement as far as the funeral service goes bio-degradable
what are the changes in disposition after death less burial, more cremation
what is a rite event proformed in a sollem and prescribed manner
memorial service, funeral service and like phrases are other names for funeral rite
funeral service with the body present
ritual or ceremony action taken to deal with death that expresses beliefs. symbols are often used
traditional funeral rite rite that follow the ritual or ceremony
funeral rites without the body present memorial service
a funeral rite with no religius connotation humanistic funeral rite
adaptive funeral rite starts with a traditional service and changes to suit the family
use of customs from a preliterate society primitive funeral rite
Created by: 1157564676