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Infect/Non Diseases

Infectious & Noninfectious Diseases

infectious diseases caused by tiny organisms called pathogens
examples of pathogens bacteria, viruses, fungi, or protists
sources of pathogens another person, a contaminated object, an animal bite, or the environment
immune system is responsible for distinguishing between the different kinds of pathogens and reacting to each according to its type
examples of infectious diseases colds, flu, athlete's foot, AIDS,and strep throat.
influenza a highly contagious viral infection of the respiratory system
influenza symptoms causes fever, muscle aches, and a more severe cough than the common cold and usually lasts longer
athlete's foot common fungal infection of the skin of the feet that can be contracted from public environments
AIDS Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
AIDS caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
AIDS virus attacks the cells in the immune system making the organism unable to fight off other pathogens that may attack the body
Strep throat contagious disease caused by bacterial infection
Strep throat symptoms fever, pain, redness, and swelling of the throat and tonsils
Noninfectious diseases diseases that are not caused by pathogens in the body and are not spread from organism to organism
Causes of noninfectious diseases caused by malfunctions in body systems that are either inherited or caused by environmental factors.
examples of noninfectious diseases diabetes, Parkinson's disease, skin cancer, and asthma
Diabetes disease that results in the glucose (sugar) level of the blood being higher than the normal range
cause of diabetes caused by a person’s inability to either produce or use properly a natural chemical produced in the body called insulin
Diabetes can lead to kidney disease, heart disease, or vision problems
Parkinson's disease A disease of the nervous system that occurs when certain nerve cells in the brain stop functioning properly, affecting the muscular system
symptoms of Parkinson's severe shaking (tremors) and disabilities involving movement
skin cancer A disease in which skin cells found in the outer layers of the skin becomes damaged
causes of skin cancer damaging ultraviolet rays (UV) from the Sun or tanning beds and heredity.
Asthma a disease that affects the lungs and the airways that deliver air to the lungs
symptoms of asthma periodic attacks of wheezing and difficult breathing caused by the airways becoming inflamed in response to a stimulus
causes of asthma attack dust, mold, pets, exercise, or cold weather
Created by: Ms. Phillips