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Digestive & Excretory Systems

mouth Begins to break down food into smaller pieces through mechanical digestion
saliva starts the process of chemical digestion in the mouth
esophagus The transport tube that carries chewed food to the stomach
Stomach Continues the process of mechanical digestion and secretes gastric juices that continue the process of chemical digestion started in the mouth
Small intestines The organ where most of the chemical digestion of food takes place, nutrients from food are also absorbed here
Large intestines The organ where water is absorbed from the food and taken into the bloodstream & prepares the remaining undigested food for elimination from the body
Rectum a short tube that stores solid waste until it is eliminated from the body through the anus.
Liver A secondary organ of the digestive system that produces bile
bile used by the body to break up fat particles
Gallbladder A secondary organ to the digestive system that functions to store bile produced by the liver
Pancreas A secondary organ to the digestive system that functions to produce digestive juices that help to further break down the food in the small intestine
Kidneys get rid of urea, excess water, and some other waste materials released by the cells
urine is composed of urea, excess water, and other waste materials filtered by the kidneys
Ureters Tubes which connect each kidney to the bladder
Bladder A saclike muscular organ which stores urine until it is released from the body
Urethra Tube through which urine passes before it is removed from the body
Function of the Digestive System to breakdown foods into nutrients that can be used by the body, absorb nutrients that are necessary for energy, growth, and maintenance, and rid the body of solid wastes
Functions of the Excretory System to filter out cellular wastes, toxins, and excess water that result from cellular respiration.
toxins chemicals that could be poisonous to the body
smooth muscle controls movement of materials through the digestive system
The digestive system works with the _______ system to make sure that nutrients made available by digestion get to the cells of the body circulatory system
The circulatory system works with the excretory system to help remove ______ from the body wastes
Path of food through digestive system mouth,esophagus,stomach,small intestine,large intestine
Path of urine through excretory system kidneys,ureter,bladder,urethra
anus part of the digestive system where elimination of indigestible solid materials takes place
kidneys act to ______ wastes from the bloodstream filter
Created by: Ms. Phillips