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Diarthrodial (jmg)

Types and descriptions of Diarthrodial joints

Structural classification of all Diarthrodial joints Synovial (most common type of joint found in human body)
Types of Diarthrodial Joints Arthrodial (Gliding) Ginglymus (Hinge) Trochoid (Pivot) Condyloid (Knuckle) Enarthrodial Sellar(Saddle)
Arthrodial Joint Ex-Vertebral Facets, Intercarpal/Intertarsal joints Motions- flexion, ext, abd, add, rot, circum Degrees-Depends on the joint
Ginglymus Joint Ex-Knee, Elbow, Talocrural (ankle) Motions-flex, ext Degrees- Uniaxial, 1 degree of freedom
Trochoid Joint Ex-atlantoaxial, odontoid, proximal/distal radio-ulnar joints. Degrees of Freedom- uniaxial, 1 degree of freedom
Condyloid Joint Ex- 2,3,4,5 metacarpophalangeal joints, radiocarpal joints Motions- Flex, Ext, abd, add, circum, diag abd/add Degrees of freedom-biaxial, 2 *Biaxial Ball and socket joint. Articular bones have concave and convex ends
Enarthrodial Joint Ex- Hip and Shoulder Motions- flex, ext, abd, add, rot, circum Degrees of freedom- Triaxial, 3 *Triaxial ball and socket joint
Sellar Joint Ex- 1st metacarpophalangeal Motions- flex, ext, abd, add, circum, slight rot Degrees of freedom- triaxial, 3 *Unique
Created by: jmgibson1