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Med/Surg GI System

GI System disorders for Medical/Surgical

Radionuclide imaging A tiny amount of radio active substance is injected into the vein.
PY test The purpose of a PY test is to detect the presence of bacteria that can cause ulcers.
Enteroclysis A special x-ray of the small intestine that looks at how a liquid contrast moves through the area. A tube is passes through fromt eh nose or mouth through the stomach and into part of the small bowel.
Barium enema Barium coats the organs so they will show up on the x-ray. Also called barium enema x-ray.
Colonoscopy A test that allows for examination of the colon.
Panendoscopy Panendoscopy allows the Gastroenterologist to comprehensively examine the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum using an endoscope equipped with a video camera. Panendoscopy also allows the Gastroenterologist to take tissue samples (biopsies) for pathology tes
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Visualizes esophagus, stomach, and duodenum by means of a long, flexible scope.
Odynophagia Painful swallowing
Gastroesophogeal reflux Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is caused by the abnormal backflow, or reflux, of stomach acid and juices into the esophagus, the tube that leads from the throat to the stomach
Esophagitis Mild gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) may cause some irritation, inflammation, or wearing away (erosion) of the lining of the esophagus. This condition is called esophagitis.
Diverticulum A small pouch in the colon. These pouches are not painful or harmful unless they become infected or irritated.
Pyloroplasty An operation to widen the opening between the stomach and the small intestine. This allows stomach contents to pass more freely from the stomach.
Gastritis Inflammation fo the lining of the stomach.
Dyspepsia Indigestion
Cimetidine Cimetidine is used to treat and prevent ulcers in the stomach and intestines. Cimetidine is also used to treat conditions in which the stomach produces too much acid and conditions in which acid comes up into the esophagus and causes heartburn, such as ga
Dysphagia Diffculty swallowing
Anorexia Lack of appetite.
Parietal Cells Cells in the stomach wall that make hydrochloric acid.
Hematemesis Vomiting blood
Created by: RhondaLM