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Bellaire Social Studies6 Latin American Vocab

Plateau A large area of raised, level land.
Isthmus A narrow strip of land that has water on both sides and joins two larger bodies of land.
Coral A rock like subsistance formed by the skelatons of tiny sea animals.
Pampas Flat grassland regions in the southern part of South America. A region similar to the Great Plains.
Tributary A river or stream that flows into the main river.
El Nino A warm ocean current that flowsalong the western coast of South America. This current influences global weather patterns.
Elevation The height of land above sea level.
Hydroelectricity Electricity produced from running and pushing water.
Diversity To add variety; To expand. Variety.
Maize Both the plant and the kernal of corn.
Hieroglyphics A system of writing using signs ans symbols, used by the Maya and other cultures.
Aqueduct A pipe ot channel used to carry water for a distant source to dry areas.
Quipu A knotted string used by Incan government officals and traders for record keeping.
Treaty Of Tordesillas The 1494 treaty setting up the Line Off Demarcation, giving Spain the right to settle and trade west of the line of Portugal the same rights east of the line.
Treaty An agreement in writting made between two or more countries.
Line Of Demarcation An imaginary line from the North Pole to the South Pole (about 50 degrees longitude) set forth in the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas; Spain has the rigth to settle and trade west of the line of Portugal had the right to settle and trade east of the line.
Conquisdor 16th-century conquerors working for the Spanish government who were in charge of gaining land and weath in the Americas.
Mestizo A person of mixed Spanish and Native Americain ancestry.
Hacienda A plantation owned by the Spanish settlers or the Catholic Church in Spanish America.
Encomienda The right to demand taxes or labor from Native Americans ; this right was granted to American settlers by the Spanish government.
Revolution A political movement in which people overthrow the existing government and set up another.
Crollo A person born os Spanish parents born outside of Spain; often amoung the best-educated and weathest people in the Spanish colonies.
Caudillo A millitary officer who rules strictly.
Invest To spend money and than earn money.
Economy The ways that goods and services are produced and made avaliable to people.
Campesino A poor Latin American farmer.
Rural Having to do with the countryside.
Urban Having to do with cities.
Indigenous Describes people who are desendents of the people who first lived in the region.
Injustice Lack of fairness.
Maquiladora A U.S.-owned factory in Mexico that is located close to the U.S.-Mexico border.
Emigrate Move out of one country into another.
Immigrant A person who has moved into one country from another.
Ethnic Group A group of people who share the same ancestors, culture, language, or religion.
Carnival An annual celebration in Latin America with music, dances, and parades.
Subsistence Farming The practice of growing only as much food as a group of people need to survive.
Import To bring products into one country from another to sell.
Squatter A person who settles on someone else's land without permission.
Plaza Public square at the center of a village, town, or city.
Migrant Farmworker A laborer who travels from one area to another picking crops that are in season.
Ladino In Guatemala, a Mestizo.
Political Movement A large group of people who work together to defend their rights, or to change the leaders in power.
Strike Work stoppage; a refusal to continue to work until certain demands of workers are met.
Lock A section of waterway in which ships are raised or lowered by adjusting the water level.
Dictaor A ruler of a country who has complete power.
Communist Having an economic system in which the Goverment owns all large businesses and most of a country's land.
Exile A person who leaves or is forced to leave his or her homeland for another country.
Illiterate Unable to read or write.
Creole A person, often of European and African descent, born in the Caribbean or other parts of the Americas, whose culture has a strong French and African influence; A dialect spoken by Creoles.
Dialect A version of a language that is spoken in a particular region.
Citizen An individual with certain rights and responsibilities under a particular goverment.
Commonwealth A self-governing political unit with strong ties to a particular country.
Constitution A statement of a country's basic laws and values
Canopy A dense mass of leaves forming the top layer of a forest.
Photosynthesis The process by which green plants and trees produce their own food using water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight; oxygen is released as a result of photosynthesis.
Altiplano A high plateau region; a region of high plateaus in the Andes.
Sierra A group of mountains, such as the one that runs from northwest Peru to southwest Peru.
Montana In northwest Peru, large stretches of tropical rainforests on the lower slopes of the mountains.
Tundra A cold region with little vegetation; in mountains, the area above tree line.
Pesticide A chemical used to kill insects and diseases that can attack crops.
Boom A period of increased prosperity during which more of a product is produced and sold.
Privatization A policy by a government to sell its industries to individuals or private companies.
Created by: kdewey