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Chapter 17 Cardio

McGraw-Hill Emergency Care 2nd Edition Cardiovascular Disorders

QuestionAnswer
Cardiovascular Disease disease of the heart and blood vessels
Coronary Heart Disease disease of coronary arteries and the complications that result (angina pectoris or a heart attack)
Coronary Artery Disease disease that slow/stops blood flow through the arteries that supply the heart muscle with blood
Acute Coronary Syndrome conditions caused by temporary/permanent blockage of coronary artery
Arteriosclerosis hardening of the arterial walls
Atherosclerosis endothelium of the large/medium arteries become narrowed and thickens
Peripheral Artery Disease caused by atherosclerosis affecting the arms, legs, and the feet
Risk Factors conditions that may increase a person's chance of developing a disease
Modifiable Risk Factors risk factors that can be changed
Non-modifiable Risk Factors risk factors that can not be changed
Contributing Risk Factors factors that can be part of the cause of a person's risk of heart disease
Ischemia reduced blood supply to an organ or tissue
Angina Pectoris when the heart's need for oxygen exceeds the supply
Stable Angina Pectoris symptoms are relatively constant and predictable in term of severity, signs, and precipitating events, and response to therapy
Unstable Angina Pectoris progressively worsened, occurs at rest, or is brought on by minimal physical excertion
Acute Myocardial Infarction heart attack occurs when coronary artery becomes severly narrowed or is completely blocked by a blood clot (thrombus)
Palpitations abnormal awareness of one's heartbeat
Syncope fainting
Angioplasty balloon tipped catheter that is inserted into a partially blocked coronary artery
Stent small plastic or metal tube that is inserted into a vessel or duct to help keep it open and maintain flow
Cardiac Arrest when the heart stops
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation (combination f rescue breathing and external chest compressions)
SCD (sudden cardiac death) unexpected death from cardiac causes
Created by: redbone7266