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Blair AS vocabulary

Blair AS vocabulary (Animal Science)

Nutrition the study of the food needs to the body
Diet daily supply of food and water to meet an animals nutrient and energy requirements.
Ingredients edible material that may provide nutrients and energy.
Carbohydrates one of 3 classes of energy producing nutrients. Dietary carbohydrates which provides dogs and cats with a readily available source of energy, plus fiber for gastrointestinal tract health. (GI)
EAA Essential Amino Acid
NAA Nonessential Amino Acid
Phospholipids important components of all cell membranes and or present in both food and in the body.
Dietary Fats Has many functions maintaining cell membranes integrity improving a pets food palatability.
Vitamins Organic molecules that are required in tiny amounts of fat. it helps to release energy from carbohydrates, proteins and fat.
digestion processing aspects of nutrition which the ingested food is broken down into the basic biochemical compounds and is absorbed through the walls of the intestinal tract into the blood stream.
Nutrients the foods that are necessary for the substance of life that include water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, carbon and minerals.
Nonessential amino acids are acids that can be produced to meet its needs
malnutrition abnormal nutrition; caused by a diet that contains too much or too little of one or more essential nutrients.
energy ability to do work; all body activities require energy and all needs are met by consuming food, which contains energy in chemical form; energy content of food is expressed as kilocalories (kcal)
energy basis concentration of a nutrient in food expressed per unit of energy, usually per 100 kilocalories (kcal) of metabolizable energy (e.g., g/100 kcal ME)
metabolizable energy (ME) amount of energy in a food available for the body's use; measured in calories or kilocalories (kcal; 1,000 calories = 1 kcal)
Bioavailable the ability of a nutrient drug or other substances to be absorbed and used by the body.
Energy density number of calories provided by a given weight or volume of pet food expressed as kilocalories of metabolizable energy per kilogram or pound of diet.
Adlibitum free choice or always available dog food or cat food.
F.D.A Food and Drug Association
solvent liquid in which another substance is dissolved to form a solution
hydrolysis process by which complex materials are broken down into simpler ones by adding water; one of the most basic and prevalent life processes
maintenance the amount and quality of the diet required to maintain an adult animal without providing additional nutrients for production, reproduction or weight gain
metabolism all of the complex, interrelated chemical and physical processes that make life possible; includes anabolism, the process by which organic substances are built and maintained, and catabolism.
calorie amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water from 14.5° Celsius (C) to 15.5° C
lean body mass fat-free mass of the body; that part of the body including all its components except fat (stored lipids)
additives substances added to food, including preservatives, colorings and flavorings
amino acids the basic building blocks of protein; any of several organic compounds containing amino (–NH2) and carboxyl (–COOH) groups and occurring naturally in plants and animals
preservatives the basic building blocks of protein; any of several organic compounds containing amino (–NH2) and carboxyl (–COOH) groups and occurring naturally in plants and animals
protein An essential dietary nutrient protein that supplies dogs and cats with amino acids to build proteins for a wide range of the body functions.
minerals members of this nutrient class are essential for life-sustaining metabolic processes.
water water is the most critical nutrient that is required by dogs and cats for survival.
digestibility proportion of nutrients in food available for absorption from the gastrointestinal tract
dry matter (DM) basis method of expressing a food's nutrient content on a moisture-free basis.
kilocalorie 1,000 calories; one calorie is the energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g water from 14.5° to 15.5° C
metabolic water water in the body that is produced during metabolism of nutrients.
pepsinogen enzyme precursor secreted by the chief cells in the stomach.
hydrochloric acid normal part of gastric juice in cats and dogs.
pepsin protein degrading enzyme that is activated from pepsinogen in the stomach.
mucosal lining the inner layer of the intestinal tract.
pathogens diseases that causes some bad bacteria.
halitosis offensive breath odor
acuity clarity or clearness of a sense such as taste or vision
antibodies proteins that are produced by transformed by lymphocytes (plasma cells) in response to the presence of antigen.
A.A.F.C.O Association of American Feed Control Officials; defines food and feed ingredients that is used in commercial animal feeds and pet foods.
anabolism the constructive phase of metabolism during which the body creates tissues.
animal digest a material that is produced by chemical or enzymatic hydrolysis of clean undecomposed animal tissues.
enzymes any protein that speeds up chemical reactions in the body by acting as a catalysts.
epidemiologic to the study of disease frequency and distributions in a population.
epidermal reffering to the outer most layer of the skin.
essential dietary nutrients nutrients that the body cannot synthesize at a sufficient rate to meet the body's needs and must be supplied by the diet.
cellulose polysaccharide that is a component of dietary fiber; forms skeleton of most plant structures plant cells.
cholesterol organic molecules that is formed in animal fats and oils, bile, blood, brain tissue, milk, eggs, yolk, myelin etc...
coenzymes organic molecules that is often dervived from vitamins that are required by and enzyme to carry out a metabolic reaction.
bile bitter greenish brown alkaline fluid that aids digestion and is secreted by the liver and is stored in the gallbladder.
myelin sheath Schwann cells wrapped around an axon of a nerve cell that serve as insulation; increases speed of nerve impulse movement.
osteochondrosis disease of growth; center of bones that is characterized by abnormal differentiation of cartalige.
zoonotic a disease that is transmitted from animals to humans.
lifestage nutrition practice of feeding a diet specifically designed to meet the nutritional needs of a dog or cat based on its age.
dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) noninvasive technique that scans the body to determine bone density, lean body mass and fat distribution; adapted from human medicine for use with dogs and cats
Created by: x0x0bhs13