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Nervous system 10

QuestionAnswer
CNS Central Nervous System
CSF Cerebrospinal Fluid
CT Computed Tomography
CVA Cerebrovascular Accident
EEG Electroencephalography
LP Lumbar Puncture; "spinal tap"
MRA Magnetic resonance angiography
MRI Magnetic resonance imaging
MS Multiple Sclerosis
PET Position Emission Tomography
TIA Transient ischemic attack; Temporary interference with the blood supply to the brain
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
encephal/o brain
lept/o thin, slender
mening/o , meningi/o membranes, meninges
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord (means bone marrow in other contexts)
myc/o fungus
neur/o nerve
redicul/o nerve root (of spinal nerves)
thec/o sheath (refers to the meninges); wraps around
vag/o vagus nerve (10th cranial nerve)
alges/o , -algesia excessive; sensitivity to pain
-algia pain
caus/o burning
esthesi/o , -esthesia feeling, nervous sensation
kines/o , kinesi/o , -kinesia , -kinesis , -kinetic movement
-lepsy seizure
lex/o word, phrase
-paresis weakness
-plegia paralysis (loss or impairment of the ability to move parts of the body)
-praxia action
-sthenia strength
syncop/o to cut off, cut short ; fainting
tax/o order, coordination
hydrocephalus abnormal accumulation of fluid (CSF) in the brain ; "water on the brain"
spina bifida congenital defects in the lumbar spinal column caused by imperfect union of the vertebral parts (the lamina don't fuse/idiopathic)
Alzheimer Disease Brain disorder marked by the gradual and progressive mental deterioration (dementia), personality changes, and impairment of daily functioning. There is as yet no effective treatment.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Degenerative disorder of motor neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem; also known as Lou Gehrig disease
Epilepsy chronic brain disorder characterized by recurrent seizure activity
Tonic-clonic seizures Grand Mal or Ictal events ; characterized by sudden loss of consciousness, falling down, and then tonic contractions
Absence seizures Petit Mal ; minor form consisting of momentary clouding of consciousness and loss of awareness of the person's surroundings
Huntington Disease "St. Vitus Dance" ; hereditary disorder marked by degenerative changes in the cerebrum leading to abrupt involuntary movements and mental deterioration
Multiple Sclerosis destruction of the myelin sheath on neurons in the CNS and its replacement by plaques of sclerotic (hard) tissue.
Palsy paralysis (partial or complete loss of motor function)
Parkison Disease Degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia, occuring in later life and leading to tremors, weakness of muscles, and slowness of movement
Tourette Syndrome Involuntary, spasmodic, twitching movements ; uncontrollable vocal sounds ; and inappropriate words
Herpes Zoster Shingles; viral infection affecting the peripheral nerves
Meningitis Inflammation of the meninges. Can come in two forms bacteria (pyogenic) or viral (aseptic)
Created by: sld975