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SOC: Ch 8 Social Str

Sociology, Social Structure

Status Generally one’s position or location in a group or social structure
Family Status mother, father, child, grandparent
Occupational Status lawyer, physician, firefighter, computer programmer
Achieved Status A status earned by the individual through his or her own efforts, achievement, or choice. (ex. occupation, education, income, -- )
Ascribed Status A status that is bestowed upon an individual, regardless of his or her efforts or wishes (Ex. race, age, gender, and ethnicity, appearance, group)
Status Symbol Visible clues to an individuals status ; for example a police officers badge, wedding rings
Role The sum of expectations about the behavior of people who occupy a particular status
Role Strain the stress or tension that may arise from the performance of a role
Status inconsistency occurs when an individual’s ascribed and achieved statuses are deemed (by others) to be inconsistent
Role Conflict the demands of the many roles assigned clash
Master Status the status that other deem most telling about an individual; acts as a filter through which the individual’s actions are judged
Group Social two or more individuals who regularly interact with one another, share goals and a sense of identity
Primary Group term coined by C. H. Cooley to refer to small, intimate group in which relationships tend to be Gemeinschaft
Secondary Group Non-intimate group of people whose relationships tend to be Gesellschaft
Formal Organization Group created and formally organized to achieve some specific goal or set of goals
Ideal Types a methodological strategy made famous by Max Weber. An ideal type is an “analytic construct” (it exists only in the abstract)
Bureaucracy a type of formal organization that is characterized by distinct lines of authority, a hierarchy of positions, record keeping, rules against nepotism, and so forth
Iron cage of Bureaucracy Term used by Weber to refer to situations in which people in organizations became so wrapped up in following rules and procedures that they forget why they work so hard
Goal Displacement when the process becomes more important than the outcome
Created by: mylifewow