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Emergency MR

McGraw-Hill Emergency Medical Responder 2nd Edition CH.16

Bluish-gray color of a patients skin, nail beds, and mucous membranes late sign of Hypoxia
confusion, anxiety, irritability, restlessness, an increased respiratory rate, increased heart rate, and mild respiratory distress early indications of Hypoxia
Orthopnea breathlessness when lying flat that is relieved or lessened when the patient sits or stands
Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea a sudden onset of difficulty breathing that occurs at night due to a buildup of fluid in the alveoli or pooling of secretions during sleep
slow respiratory rate (below normal breaths/min.) bradypnea
fast respiratory rate (above normal breaths/min.) tachypnea
The amount of air moved into or out of a patient's lungs during 1 normal breath Tidal volume
retractions "sinking in" of the soft tissues between and around the ribs or above the collarbones
supraclavicular retractions indentations of the skin above the collarbones (clavicles)
intercostal retractions indentations of the skin between the ribs
subcostal retractions indentations of the skin below the rib cage
absent breathing apnea
Hypoxia a lack of oxygen
breastbone sternum
A buildup of fluid in the alveoli, most commonly due to failure of the left ventricle of the heart Pulmonary edema
Abnormal breathing which the abdominal muscles move in a direction opposite the chest wall Seesaw breathing
Croup An infection that affects the larynx and the area just below it
Trachea Windpipe
Widening of the nostrils when a patient breathes in Nasal flaring
Pulmonary embolus A clot that travels through the circulatory system, eventually becoming trapped in the smaller branches of the pulmonary arteries, causing partial or complete blood flow obstruction
Head bobbing An indicator of increased work of breathing in infants-when the baby breathes out, the head falls forward; the baby's head comes up when the baby breathes in and his chest expands
Sitting up and leaning forward with the weight of the upper body supported by the hands on the thighs or knees Tripod position
Nonallergic asthma Asthma that is triggered by factors not related to allergies
The exchange of gases between a living organism and its environment Respiration
Hypoxic drive Low levels of oxygen in the blood stimulate breathing instead of an increase in carbon dioxide levels
Pneumonia A respiratory infection that may involve the lower airways and alveoli, part of a lobe, or an entire lobe of the lung
Created by: Jimmyc