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Chapter 13 Vocab

Vocab. Flash cards (Ch. 13)

QuestionAnswer
A large complex organization composed of appointed officials. The department and agencies of the U.S. government make up the federal bureaucracy. Bureaucracy
Another phrase for political patronage, that is the practice of giving the fruits of a party's victory, such as jobs and contracts, to the loyal members of that party. Spoils System
An economic theory that government should not regulate or interfere with commerce. Laissez-faire
The extent to which appointed bureaucrats can choose courses of action and make policies that are not spelled out in advance by laws. Discretionary authority
The government offices to which people are appointed on the grounds of merit as ascertained by a written examination or by having met certain selection criteria. Competitive Service
A job to be filled by a person whom a government agency has identified by name. Name request Job
A close relationship between any agency, a congressional committee and an interest group, that often becomes a mutually advantageous alliance. Iron Triangle
A network of people in Washington-based interest groups, on congressional staffs, in universities and think tankes, and in the mass media, who regularly discuss and advocate public policies. Issue Network
Legislative permission to begin or continue a government program or agency. An authorization bill may grant permission to spend a certain sum of money, but that money does not ordinarily become available, unless it is appropriated. Authorization legislation
A legislative grant of money to finance a government program. Appropriation
Funds for government programs that are collected and spent ouside the regular government budget; the amounts are determined by preexisting law rather than by annual appropriations. Trust Funds
The ability of a congressional committee to review and approve certain agency decisions in advance and without passing a law. Such approval is not legally binding on the agency, but few agency heads will ignore the expressed wishes of committees. Committee Clearance
The rejection of a presidential or administrative agency action by a vote of one or both houses of Congress without the consent of the president. Legislative Veto
Complex bureaucratic rules and procedures that must be followed to get something done. Red Tape
Created by: 1598778395