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Summa Drug Book

QuestionAnswer
Activated Charcoal Therapeutic Effects Decreases the absorption of a poison or a drug by binding with any unabsorbed drug in the digestive tract
Activated Charcoal Indications Gastrointestinal poisoning or drug abuse, emesis contraindicated
Activated Charcoal Side Effects Black stools
Activated Charcoal Adult Dose Two tablespoons (50g) mixed with a glass of water, OR 1-2 grams/ kg
Aminophylline Therapeutic Effects Relaxes bronchial smooth muscles, but does not act on adrenergic receptors, stimulates the respiratory center of the brain
Aminophylline Indications Bronchial asthma, reversible bronchospasm associated with chronic bronchitis and emphysema, CHF, pulmonary edema
Aminophylline Contraindications Angina, pre-existing dysrhythmias, peptic ulcer disease, liver disease, renal disease, patients already taking Theo-Dur or Slo-Bid, children < 6 months
Aminophylline Side Effects Vomiting, diarrhea, palpitations, irritability, seizures, insomnia, flushing
Aminophylline Adult Dose Using a 100 ml bag of D5W, add 250 mg (10 ml) to 90 ml of fluid (withdrawl 10 ml before adding medication) 500 mg (20 ml)in 80 ml ( withdrawl 20 ml before adding medication) total infusion = 100ml slow IV over 20-30 minutes.
Adenosine Therapeutic Effects Slows the sinus rate and conduction time through the AV node which can effectively terminate rapid supraventricular arrhythmias such as PSVT
Adenosine Indications Conversion of PSVT to Sinus Rhythm, narrow complex PSVT refractory to common vagal maneuvers
Adenosine Contraindications Second or third degree AV blocks, sick sinus syndrome, A-flutter, A-fib, V-tach
Adenosine Side Effects Facial flushing, chest pain, lightheadedness, hypotension, paresthesia, shortness of breath, headache, nausea, diaphoresis, palpitations, metallic taste
Adenosine Adult Dose Initial: 6 mg rapid IVP (1-3 seconds) immediatley followed with a 20 cc flush Repeat: 12 mg rapid IVP (1-3 seconds) immediately followed with a 20 cc flush Third: 12 mg rapid IVP (1-3 seconds) immediately followed with a 20 cc flush
Albuterol Therapeutic Effects Selective B2 agonist with minimal amount of side effects Causes bronchodilation quickly by relaxing bronchial smooth muscle
Albuterol Indications Bronchial Asthma Reversible bronchospasm associated with chronic bronchitis and emphysema
Albuterol Contraindications Known hypersensitivity Excessive prior use of beta stimulants Shortness of breath not caused by broncho-constrtiction
Albuterol Side Effects H/A Dizziness Nervousness Increased Heart Rate Palpitations N/V
Albuterol Adult Dose 2.5 mgs in NS via aerosol device @ 6-10 L/Min over 5-15 min (0.5 ml [2.5mg] added to 2.5 ml NS = 3 ml) may repeat prn
Created by: wildej