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NUA Ch 20

Assisting with Bowel and Bladder Elimination

Examination of the urine under a microscope and by chemical means. Urinalysis
A method of collecting urine that prevents contamination of the urine by the bacteria that normally exist in and around the urethra. Midstream urine specimen
The process of passing urine from the body; also known as urination or voiding Micturition
Blood in the urine Hematuria
Adjective used to describe something that is hidden or cannot be seen with the naked eye; often used as a reference to blood in a urine or stool sample Occult
The term used to describe the need to get up more than once or twice during the night to urinate. Nocturia
The term used to describe painful or difficult urination. Dysuria
The state of voiding a very small amount of urine over a given period of time. Oliguria
Excessive urine output; also called diuresis. Polyuria
Exessive urine output; also called polyuria. Diuresis
The term used to describe the state of voiding less than 100 mL of urine over the course of 24 hours. Anuria
A tube that is inserted into the body for the purpose of administering or removing fluids. Catheter
A urinary catheter that is inserted and then removed immediately, after urine in the bladder is drained out. Straight Catheter
A urinary catheter that is left inside the bladder to provide continuous urine drainage. Indwelling Catheter
A type of indwelling catheter that is inserted into the bladder via a surgical incision made in the abdominal wall. Suprapubic Catheter
The term used to describe a person's involuntary loss of urine from the bladder. Urinary Incontinence
A type of incontinence in which the urine from the bladder leaks when the person coughs, sneezes, or exerts herself. Stress Incontinence
The involuntary release of urine right after a feeling of a strong urge to void. Urge Incontinence
A type of incontinence that occurs in absence of a physical or nervous system problem affecting the urinary tract. Functional Incontinence
This type of incontinence occurs when the bladder is too full of urine. Overflow Incontinence
The inability of the bladder to empty either during urination, or at all. Urinary Retention
This type of incontinence occurs when there is damage to the nerves that enables the person to control urination. Reflex Incontinence
The liquid substance produced by the digestion of food in the stomach Chyme
Involuntary wave-like muscular movements, such as those that occur in the digestive system to move chyme through the intestine. Peristalsis
A condition that occurs when constipation is not relieved. Fecal Impaction
The inability to hold one's own feces, or the involuntary loss of feces from the bowel. Bowel Incontinence
The semi-solid waste product of digestion; stool. Feces
A natural byproduct of digestion; gas. Flatus
The passage of liquid, unformed stool. Diarrhea
Examination that is done when a person is thought to have a fecal impaction; a finger is inserted into the person's rectum to feel the impacted mass. Digital Examination
Created by: NurseAngela