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クーリエジャポン:北欧—その光と影

Japanese vocabulary from Courrier Japon article "北欧—その光と影" (2010/07)

kanjireading (hiragana)english
いかなる any kind of (with neg. verb)
かつて once, before, formerly, former, ex-; never (with negative verb)
シック chic; sick; thick
ゼネスト general strike
つつましい modest, reserved, quiet, humble
とはいえ though, although, be that as it may, nonetheless
もたらす to bring, to take, to bring about
やって来る やってくる to come along, to come around, to turn up
一致団結 いっちだんけつ solidarity, working together as one for a common cause
一面 いちめん one face, one surface; the whole surface; one aspect, one side; on the other hand
不平 ふへい complaint, discontent, dissatisfaction
中央集権 ちゅうおうしゅうけん centralized authoritarian rule
主張 しゅちょう claim, request, assertion, emphasis, contention, opinion, tenet
伝統 でんとう tradition, convention
住み着く すみつく to settle (in a place), to settle down
何もかも なにもかも anything and everything, just about everything
作り出す つくりだす to manufacture, to produce, to raise (crops); to invent, to dream up
信仰 しんこう (religious) faith, belief, creed
先進国 せんしんこく advanced/developed country, advanced nations
入れ墨 いれずみ tattoo
典型的 てんけいてき typical, representative, stereotypical, model, ideal
刺繍 ししゅう embroidery
則る のっとる to conform to, to be in accordance with, to follow (rule, tradition, example, etc.)
創設 そうせつ establishment, founding, organization, organisation
労使協調 ろうしきょうちょう labor-management cooperation
協働 きょうどう cooperation
協調 きょうちょう cooperation, conciliation, harmony; firm (market) tone
厚い あつい thick, deep, heavy; kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful; abundant
厚生大臣 こうせいだいじん Minister of Health and Welfare
厳格 げんかく severe, rigid, strict, rigor, rigour, austere
収入 しゅうにゅう income, receipts, revenue
収容施設 しゅうようしせつ reception center (e.g. for refugees)
口下手 くちべた defective speech, poor talker, tongue-tied person
合間 あいま interval, break, pause, spare moment
同一 どういつ identity, sameness, similarity, equality, fairness
同性 どうせい same sex, homosexuality, homogeneity, congeniality
同質 どうしつ same quality, same nature, homogeneous
啓蒙 けいもう enlightenment, instruction
善人 ぜんにん good people
囁く ささやく to whisper, to murmur
四苦八苦 しくはっく being in dire distress, being hard put to it; the four and eight kinds of suffering
困窮 こんきゅう poverty, distress
国民性 こくみんせい national traits or character, nationality
地区 ちく district, section, sector
基準 きじゅん standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
堂々 どうどう grand, impressive, majestic, imposing, stately; fair, square, open; grandly; unreservedly, without apology
かべ wall, lining (stomach), fence
夏至 げし summer solstice
大いなる おおいなる big, large, great
太平洋 たいへいよう Pacific Ocean
夫妻 ふさい man and wife, married couple
夫婦 ふうふ married couple, spouses, husband and wife, couple, pair
奇跡 きせき miracle, wonder, marvel
学業 がくぎょう studies, schoolwork, classwork
宣言 せんげん declaration, proclamation, announcement
容易 ようい easy, simple, plain
審査 しんさ judging, inspection, examination, investigation
尊重 そんちょう respect, esteem, regard
小国 しょうこく small country
少数民族 しょうすうみんぞく minority peoples
屋根 やね roof
崩壊 ほうかい collapse, crumbling, breaking down, caving in; decay (physics)
左翼 さよく left-wing
帝国 ていこく empire, imperial
平凡 へいぼん common, commonplace, ordinary, mediocre
平等 びょうどう equality, impartiality, evenness
広大 こうだい huge, very large, vast, extensive, magnificent, grand
squat, seat, cushion, gathering, sit
当局 とうきょく authorities; this office
快適 かいてき pleasant, agreeable, comfortable
思わせる おもわせる to make somebody believe (something), to give somebody the impression
愛国心 あいこくしん patriotic feelings, patriotism
慎重 しんちょう discretion, prudence, caution, care
懐疑 かいぎ doubt, skepticism, scepticism, disbelief
成し遂げる なしとげる to accomplish, to finish, to fulfill
成り立つ なりたつ to consist of; to be practical (logical, feasible), to be concluded, to hold true
成立 せいりつ coming into existence, arrangements, establishment, conclusion, completion; to come into existence, to be true, to hold (i.e. hold true)
手を差し伸べる てをさしのべる to hold out one's hand, to extend one's arm
手厚い てあつい courteous, cordial, warm
打開 だかい break in the deadlock
扱い あつかい treatment, service
拠点 きょてん position, location, base, point
振る舞い ふるまい behavior, behaviour, conduct
控えめ ひかえめ moderate, reserved, conservative, humble, mild-mannered, self-effacing, unassuming, well-behaved, low-key, temperate, in small quantities
援助 えんじょ assistance, aid, support
支給 しきゅう provision, supply, payment, allowance, grant
支配 しはい rule, control, direction
改善 かいぜん improvement (Japanese business ideal of continuous improvement)
政権 せいけん (political) administration, political power
政治評論家 せいじひょうろんか political commentator (journalist, columnist)
故郷 ふるさと home town, birthplace, old village, historic village, native place, one's old home
敗者 はいしゃ the defeated, vanquished, loser
教授 きょうじゅ professor; teaching, instruction
方針 ほうしん objective, plan, policy
施す ほどこす to donate, to give, to conduct, to apply, to perform
明くる あくる next, following
服装 ふくそう garments, attire
本来 ほんらい originally, primarily; essentially, naturally, by nature, in (and of) itself; proper, legal
枠組み わくぐみ frame, framework
架空 かくう aerial, overhead, fiction, fanciful
栄え有る はえある splendid, glorious
根ざす ねざす to come from, to have roots in
模索 もさく groping (for), exploring for a solution
欠点 けってん faults, defect, weakness
気質 きしつ spirit, character, trait, temperament, turn of mind, disposition
水準 すいじゅん level, standard; water level
決断力 けつだんりょく decisiveness
治安維持 ちあんいじ maintenance of public order, maintaining security
沿い ぞい along
法則 ほうそく law, rule
なみ waves, billows, Poland
流入 りゅうにゅう afflux, influx
海岸 かいがん coast, beach
海峡 かいきょう channel (e.g. between two land masses), strait
海洋 かいよう ocean
海賊 かいぞく pirate, sea robber
済し崩し なしくずし paying back in installments; gradual reduction, little by little
満たす みたす to satisfy, to fulfill, to appease; to fill (e.g. a cup), to pack; to reach (a certain number)
満喫 まんきつ have enough of, fully enjoy
満足 まんぞく satisfaction; sufficiency
みなもと source, origin
無縁 むえん unrelated, without relations, unidentified, indifferent
煽り あおり influence, gust (of wind)
煽る あおる to fan, to agitate, to stir up
特徴 とくちょう feature, trait, characteristic, pecularity
独自 どくじ original, peculiar, characteristic, proprietary
獲得 かくとく acquisition, possession
生計を立てる せいけいをたてる to make a living
町並み まちなみ street (of stores and houses), townscape, (look of) stores and houses on street
疑い深い うたがいぶかい doubting, distrustful, incredulous, suspicious
皮肉 ひにく cynicism, sarcasm, irony, satire
監視 かんし observation, guarding, inspection, surveillance
着実 ちゃくじつ steady, sound, trustworthy, solid
知恵 ちえ wisdom, wit, sagacity, sense, intelligence; prajna (insight leading to enlightenment)
石工 いしく mason, stonemason
研修 けんしゅう training (esp. in-service), induction course
確保 かくほ guarantee, maintain, ensure, insure, secure, reservation
称える たたえる to extol, to give praise
移住 いじゅう migration, immigration
移民 いみん emigration, immigration; emigrant, immigrant
穀物 こくもつ grain, cereal, corn
立ち上がる たちあがる to stand up, to get up; to rise; to recover; to take action, to start; to make the initial charge (in sumo); to start up, to boot up
立国 りっこく founding of a nation
築き上げる きずきあげる to build up, to establish (one's reputation)
せき enroll, domiciliary register, membership
組合 くみあい association, union
経営者 けいえいしゃ manager, proprietor
経緯 けいい details, whole story, sequence of events, chronology, particulars, how it started, how things got this way; complications, position
統一 とういつ unity, consolidation, uniformity, unification, compatible
統計 とうけい statistics
絶望的 ぜつぼうてき desperate, hopeless
維持 いじ maintenance, preservation, improvement
綻び ほころび open seam, seam that has come apart, tear
縁遠い えんどおい lately married; having little prospect of marriage; unconnected, weakly related
群れ むれ group, crowd, flock, herd, bevy, school, swarm, cluster, clump
羨む うらやむ to envy
せい,ひじり holy, saint, sage, master, priest
職人 しょくにん worker, mechanic, artisan, craftsman
職種 しょくしゅ type of occupation, occupational category
肉牛 にくぎゅう beef cattle
育む はぐくむ to raise, to rear, to bring up
背ける そむける to turn one's face away, to avert one's eyes
脅かす おどかす to threaten, to menace; to startle, to surprise
自治区 じちく territory, autonomous region
自覚 じかく self-consciousness, self-awareness
航海 こうかい sail, voyage
航行 こうこう cruise, navigation, sailing
芝居掛かった しばいがかった affected, theatrical, pompous
芽生える めばえる to bud, to sprout
著作 ちょさく writing, book
薄明るい うすあかるい slightly bright
たきぎ, まき fuel, firewood, kindling
藁葺き わらぶき thatched roof
行き詰まり いきづまり deadlock, stalemate, impasse, dead end
行き詰まる いきづまる to reach the limits, to come to the end of one's tether
補佐官 ほさかん aide
要素 ようそ component, factor, item (e.g. in list); element (e.g. in array)
規則 きそく rules, regulations, conventions
視察 しさつ inspection, observation
視野 しや field of vision, outlook
親友 しんゆう close friend, bosom (old, intimate) friend, buddy, crony, chum
観点 かんてん point of view
解禁 かいきん lifting a ban
解説 かいせつ explanation, commentary, exposition, elucidation
解雇 かいこ discharge, dismissal
訴える うったえる to sue (a person), to take someone to court; to resort to (e.g. arms, violence); to appeal to, to call for; to raise, to bring to (someone's attention); to complain
証拠 しょうこ evidence, proof
評価 ひょうか valuation, estimation, assessment, evaluation
評論家 ひょうろんか critic
誘惑 ゆうわく temptation, allurement, lure, seduction
説く とく to explain, to advocate, to preach, to persuade
警戒 けいかい vigilance, precaution, watch, lookout; to be vigilant, to be cautious, to guard (against)
象る かたどる to model on, to make in the shape of, to represent, to pattern after, to imitate; to symbolise
賢い かしこい wise, clever, smart
起源 きげん origin, beginning, rise
路線 ろせん route, line, alignment
転じる てんじる to turn, to shift, to alter, to distract
転換 てんかん convert, divert
輝く かがやく to shine, to glitter, to sparkle
迎え入れる むかえいれる to show in, to usher in
追い込む おいこむ to herd, to corner, to drive
送り迎え おくりむかえ seeing (or dropping) off, then later picking up or going to meet (the same person)
連帯 れんたい solidarity, collective; joint
連帯感 れんたいかん feeling of solidarity
過度 かど excess, immoderation
道徳 どうとく morals
郊外 こうがい suburb, outskirts
鈍い にぶい dull (e.g. a knife), thickheaded, obtuse, slow, stupid
開放 かいほう open, throw open, liberalization, liberalisation
開放的 かいほうてき open, frank
闘士 とうし fighter (for), militant, champion (of), boxer
陥る おちいる to fall, to trap, to cave in, to collapse
難民 なんみん refugees
静寂 せいじゃく silence, stillness, quietness
順調 じゅんちょう favourable, favorable, doing well, OK, all right
領土 りょうど dominion, territory, possession
風習 ふうしゅう custom
飾る かざる to decorate, to ornament, to adorn
首相 しゅしょう Prime Minister, Chancellor (Germany, Austria, etc.), Premier
駆け出し かけだし novice, beginner
駐屯地 ちゅうとんち garrison
魔女 まじょ witch
Created by: 604512465