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Science Ch. 1Vocab.

vocabulary words

Microorganisms Very small organisms
Bianary Fission how some single-celled organisms reproduce
Kingdoms What scientists divide the organisms the identify into groups are called
Virus Genetic marterial enclosed in a protein shell
Bacteria The simplest kind of life known on Earth
Archea A type of single-celled organism that can survive in a large range of temperatures
Methanogens Live in the mud of swamps, marshes, and in the guts of animals like cows and termites. Will die if exposed to oxygen take their name from methan, the natural gas they produce.
Halophines Can survive drying and can divide after being put back in the water. Live in salty lakes and ponds. Some halophines can die without the water they live in being salty enough
Thermophiles Can survive drying and can divide after being put back in the water. Cold places include being buried meters deep in ice.Hot places they can be found in include geysers, hot springs, and hot vents under the sea
Producers Bacteria that transforms energy from sunlight into energy that can be used by cells. This type of bacteria is food for other organisms that can't make their own food.
Decomposers Get energy by breaking down dead or decaying organisms.Help other organisms reuse materials found in decaying matter.
Parasites Organisms that harm their host.Some parasites don't have an effect on their host organisms or host cells
Spiral, Rods, and Round These are a the types or the shape of all different types of bacteria
Host Cell The cell that a virus invades to create more copies of itself
Capsid The outer layer of the virus that protects the genetic material and gives a virus its shape
Attatchment The bacteriphage virus attaches to a bacterium
Injection The virus injects its DNA into the host cell
Production 's DNA and produce the parts dof new viruses.The viral DNA uses the host cell's machinery to break down the host cell
Assembly The parts assemble into new viruses.
Release The host cell breaks apart and new viruses that are able to infect other host cells are released.
Created by: kent99