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Movements

Movenents of joints

QuestionAnswer
Flexion Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decrease and the parts come closer together (bending the lower limb at the knee)
Extension Starightening parts at a joint so that the angle between them increase and the parts mpve farther apart (straightening the lower limb at the knee)
Hyperextension Excess extension of the parts at a joints, beyond the anatomical position (bending the head back beyond the upright position)
Dorsiflexion Bending the foot at the ankle toward the shin (bending the foot upward)
Plantar Flexion Bending the foot at the ankle toward the sole (bending the foot downward)
Abduction Moving a part away from the midline (lifting the upper limb horizontally to form a right angle with the side of the body)
Adduction Moving a part toward the midline (returning the upper limb from the horizontal position to the side of the body)
Roation Moving a part around an axis (twisting the head from side to side). Medial rotation involves movement toward the midline, whereas lateral rotation involves movement in the opposite direction
Circumduction Moving a part sp that its end follows a circular path (moving finger in a circular motion without moving the hand)
Supination Turning the hand so the palm is upward or facing anteriorly (in anatomical position)
Pronation Turning the hand so the palm is downward or facing posteriorly (in anatomical position)
Eversion Turning the foot so the sole faces laterally
Inversion Turning the foot so the sole faces medially
Protraction Moving a part forward (thrusting the chin forward)
Retraction Moving a part backward (pulling the chin backward)
Elevation Raising a part (shrugging the shoulders)
Depression Lowering a part (drooping the shoulders)
Created by: 12meradr