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Joyntz

Types of Joints

QuestionAnswer
Syndemosis, Suture, and Gomphosis are ___ joints? Fibrous
Dense connective tissue holding them together contains many collagenous fibers. They lie between bones that closely contact one another. Fibrous
In this type of joint the bones are bound by klong fibers of connective tissue that form an anterosseous ligament. Permits slight movement and is amphiarthrotic. At the distal ends of the tibia and fibula. Syndemosis
Between flat bones of the skulll, where the broad margins of adjacent bones greow topgether and unite by a thin layer of dense connective tissue called a sutural ligament.Immovable. (synarthrotic joints) Suture
Joint formed by the union of a cone shaped bony process in a bony socket. No movements. Example: Root of tooth united with mandible Gomphosis
Synchondrosis and symphysis are _____ joints Cartilaginous
Bands of hyaline cartilage inite the bones. Many are temporary structures that disappear with growth. When ossification occurs movement no longer occurs at this joint. Syarthrotic. Ex. Joint between epiphysis and diaphysis of long bone Synchondrosis
The articular surfaces of the bones are covered by a thin layer of hyaline cartilage, attached to a pad of springy fibrocartilage. Limited amount of movement. Ex. in the pelvis. Inbetween vertebraes to absorb shock Symphysis
Ball and socket, condyloid, gliding, hinge, pivot, and saddle are ____ types of joints Synovial
Articulating bones surrounded by a joint capsule of ligaments and syunovial membranes; ends of articulating bones covered by hyaline cartialge and separated by synovial fluid Synovial Joint
Ball shaped head of one bone articulates with cup sahped socket of another. Movements in all planes, rotation. Ex. shoulder, hip ball and socket
Oval-shaped condule of one bone articulates with elliptical cavity of another. variety of movement in different planes, but no rotation. Joints between metacarpals and phalanges Condyloid
Articulating surfaces are nearly flat or slightly curved. Sliding or twisting. Ex. Joints between various bones of wrist and ankle Gliding
Convex surface of one bone articulates with concave surface of another. Flexion and extension. Ex. Elbow and joints of phalanges Hinge
Cylindrical surface of one bone articulates with ring of bone and fibrous tissue. Rotation. Ex. Joint between proximal ends of radius and ulna Pivot
Articulating surfaces have oth concave and convex regions; surface of one bone fits the complementary surface of another. Variety of movements, mainly in two plains. Ex. Joint between carpal and metacarpal of thumb Saddle
Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decreases and the parts come closer together. (bending the lower limb at the knee) Flexion
straightening parts at a joint so that the angle between them increases and the parts move farther apart (straightening the lower limb at the knee) extension
excess extension of the parts at a joint, beyond the anatomical position. (bending the head back beyond the upright position) Hyperextension
bending the foot at the ankle toward the shin (bending the foot upward) dorsiflexion
Bending the foot at the anle toward the sole (bending the foot downward) plantar flexion
moving a part away from the midline (lifting the upper limb horizontally to form a right angle with the side of the body) abduction
moving a part around an axis (twisting the head fr9om side to side). Medial rotation involves movement toward the midline, whereas lateral rotation involves movement in the opposite direction rotation
moving a part so that its end follows a circular path (moving the finger in a circular motion without moving the hand) circumduction
turning the hand so the palm is upward or facing anteriorly (in anatomical position) supination
turning the hand so the palm is downward or facing posteriorly (in anatomical position) pronation
turning the foot so the sole faces laterally eversion
turning the foot so the sole faces medially inversion
moving a part forward (thrusting the chin forward) protraction
moving a part backward (pulling the chin backward) retraction
raising a part (raising the shoulders) elevation
lowering a part (drooping the shoulders) depression
Created by: Charlotte Thomas