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Joints 2-Anatomy

Types of Joint Movements

QuestionAnswer
Flexion Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decreases and the parts come closer together
Extension Straightening parts at a joint so that the angle between them increases and the parts move farther apart
Hyperextension Excess extension of the parts at a joint, beyond the anatomical position
Dorsiflexion Bending the foot at the ankle toward the shin
Plantar Flexion Bending the foot at the ankle toward the sole
Abduction Moving a part away from the midline
Adduction Moving a part toward the midline
Rotation Moving a part around an axis. Medial rotation involves movement toward the midline whereas lateral rotation involves movement in the opposite direction
Circumduction Moving a part so that its end follows a circular path
Supination Turning the hand so the palm is upward or facing anteriorly
Pronation Turning the hand so the palm is downward or facing posteriorly
Eversion Turning the foot so the sole faces laterally
Inversion Turning the foot so the sole faces medially
Protraction Moving a part forward
Retraction Moving a part backwards
Elevation Raising a part
Depression Lowering a part
Created by: 11HannerS