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Different joints

Fib. Cart. syn.

Fibrous joint - Syndesmosis Fibrous joint - Syndesmosis Bones are bound by long fibers of connective tissue that form an interosseous ligament Movement- Joint flexiable and may be twisted Ex- Tibiofibular articulation
Fibrous joint - Suture Between flat bones of the skull, where the broad margins of adjacent bones grow together and unite by a thin layer of dense connective tissue called sutural ligament ex-Parietal bones articulates at sagittal suture of skull
Fibrous joint- Gomphosis Cone shaped process fastened in bony socket by periodontal ligament ex- root of tooth united with mandible
Cartilage- Synchondrosis Bones united by bands of hyaline cartilage possible movements- during growth process until ossification occurs Ex- Joint between epiphysis and diaphysis of a long bone
Cartilage- Symphysis Articular surfaces seperated by thin layers of hyaline cartilage attached to band of fibrocartilage Possible movements- Limited movement, as when back is bent or twisted Ex- Joints between bodies of vertebre
Synovial - Ball and socket Ball shaped head of one bone articulates with cup shaped socket of another -Movments in all planes;Rotation Ex- Shoulder,hip
Synovial- Condyloid Oval shaped condyle of one bone articulates with elliptical cavity of another. -Variety of movements in different planes,but no rotation Ex- Joints between metacarpals and phalanges
Synovial- Gliding Articulating surfaces are nearly flat or slightly curved -Sliding or twisting Ex- Joints between various bones of wrist and ankle
Synovial- Hinge Convex surface of one bone articulates with concave surface of another -Flexion and extension Ex- Elbow and joints of phalanges
Synovial- Pivot Cylindrical surface of one bone articulates with ring of bone and fibrous tissue - Rotation Ex- Joint between proximal ends of radius and ulna
Synovial- Saddle Articulating surfaces have both concave and convex regions; surface of one bone fits the complementary surface of another -Variety of movements, mainly in two planes Ex- Joint between carpal and metacarpal of thumb
Created by: SaraF