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Types Of Joints

Fibrous, Cartilaginous, and Synovial

What are Fibrous Joints? Articulating bones fastened together by thin layer of dense connective tissue containing many collagenous fibers.
What are the three different types of Fibrous Joints? Syndesmosis, Suture, and Gomphosis.
What is a Syndesmosis (Fibrous) Joint? Bones bound by interosseous ligament.
What is a Suture (FIbrous) Joint? Flat bones united by sutural ligament.
What is a Gomphosis (Fibrous) Joint? Cone-shaped process fastened in tbony socket by periodontal ligament.
What is a Cartilaginous Joint? Articulating bones connected by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage.
What are the Two different types of Cartilaginous Joints? Synchondrosis and Symphysis
What is a Synchondrosis (Cartilaginous) Joint? Bones united by bands of hyaline cartilage.
What is a Symphysis (CArtilaginous) Joint? Articular surfaces separated by thin layers of hyaline cartialge attached to band of fibrocartilage.
What is a Synovial Joint? Articulating bones surrounded by a joint capsule of ligaments and synovial membranes; ends of articulating boones covered by hyaline cartilage and separated by synovial fluid.
What are the Six different types of Synovial Joints? Ball-and-Socket, Condyloid, Gliding, Hinge, Pivot, and Saddle.
What is a Ball-and-Socket (Synovial) Joint? Ball-shaped head of one bone articulates with cup-shaped socket of another.
What is a Condyloid (Synvoial) Joint? Oval-shaped condyle of one bone articualtes with eliptical cavity of another.
What is a Gliding (Synovial) Joint? Articulating surfaces are nearly flat or slightly curved.
What is a Hinge (Synovial) Joint? Convex surface of one bone articulates with concave surface of another.
What is a Pivot(Synovial) Joint? Cylindical surface of one bone articulates with ring of bone and fibrous tissue.
What is a Saddle (Synovial) Joint? Articulating surfaces have both concave and convex regions; surface of one bone fits the complementary surface of another.
What are the 17 Types of Joint Movements? Flexion, Entension, HyperExtension, DorsiFlexion, Plantar Flexion, Abduction, Adduction, Rotation, Circumduction, Supination, Pronation, Eversion, Inversion, Protraction, Retraction, Elevation, and Depression.
What is Flexion? Bending parts at a joint so that the angle between them decreases and the parts come closer together.
What is Extension? Straightening parts at a joint so that the angle between them increase and the parts move farther apart.
What is HyperExtension? Excess extension of the parts at a joint, beyond the anatomical position.
What is DorsiFlexion? Bending the foot at the ankle toward the shin.
What is Plantar Flexion? Bending the foot at the ankle toward the sole.
What is Abduction? Moving a part away from the midline.
What is Adduction? Moving a part toward the midline.
What is Rotation? Moving a part around an axis.
What is Circumduction? Moving a part so that its end follows a circular path.
What is Supination? Turning the hand so the palm is upward or facing anteriorly.
What is Pronation? Turning the head so the palm is downward or facing posteriorly.
What is Eversion? Turning the foot so the sole faces latterally.
What is Inversion? Turning the foot so the sole faces medially.
What is Protraction? Moving a part forward.
What is Retraction? Moving a part backward.
What is Elevation? Raising a part.
What is Depression? Lowering a part.