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AH-P&P Ch. 22

Ethics & Values

Ethics is the ? study of conduct and character
Acts that are ethical reflect a ? commitment to standards beyond personal preferences
Ethics usually? collide
What is autonomy? the commitment to include clients in decisions about all aspects of care
What is an example of autonomy? read and sign before surgery
What is beneficence? taking positive actions to help others, do good for others
What is an example of beneficence? crushing a childs pill when they ask even if you know they can swallow it whole
What is maleficence? harm or hurt
What is nonmaleficence? the avoidance of harm or hurt
What is justice? fairness (organ)
What is fidelity? the agreement to keep promises
What is the code of ethics? guiding principles that all members of a profession accept (expectations and standards of behavior)
What is advocacy? referes to the support of a cause (Client's right)
What is responsibility? willingess to respect obligations to follow through on promises
What is accountablity? ability to answer for one's own actions (explainable)
What is confidentiality? protections of client's personal health information
Nursing is a work of? intimacy
you WILL work with pt's whose values and ethics are? different than yours
What is a value? personal belief about the worth of a given idea, attitude, custom, or object that sets standards that influence behavior
Development of values begins in? childhood
What plays a role in the formation of values? schools, governments, religious traditions and other social institutions
Individual experiences influence? value formation
To resolve ethical dilemmas one needs to? distinguish between value, fact and opinion
What is the process of values carification? were you need to tolerate differences
Ethics began as a standard to which? health care professionals referred for the determination of right action
Ethics has grown into? a field of study filled with differences of opinion, competing systems of values, and deeply meaningful efoorts to understand human interaction
What are the foundations for a philosophy of ethics? personal beliefs, experiencs and values
What is deontology? system of ethics that is perhaps most familiar to health care practitioners
Where do the foundations of deontology come from? immanuel kant
Deontology defines actions as? right or wrong base of their right making chracteristics such as fidelity to promises, truthfulness and justice
What is a guiding principle in deontology? a commitment to respect the "rightness" of autonomy
What does the utilitarian system of ethics proposes that? the value of something is determined by its usefulness
What is consequentialism? says that value of something is determined by its usefulness
What is teleology? study of ends or final causes
What is feminist ethics? focuses on inequalities between people, focuses on practical solutions than on theory
Feminist ethicists propose that? the natural human urge to be influenced by relationships is a positive value
Ethic of care promote? a philosophy that focuses on understanding relationships
Building consensus is essentially an act of? discovery
Resolving ethical dilemma are in many ways like the? nursing process
How does ethical dilemmas differ from the nursing process? because it requires negotiation of differences of opinion
What makes a ethical dilemma? unable to resolve is soleyly through a review of scientific data, it is perplexing
What is step one of the ethical process? ask is it an ethical dilemma
What is step 2 of the ethical process? Gather as much info as possible that is relevant to the case
What is step 3 of the ethical process? examine and determine your own values on the issues
What is step 4 of the ethical process? Verbilizing the problem
What is step 5 of the ethical process? Consider possible courses of action
What is step 6 of the ethical process? Negotiate the outcomes
What is step 7 of the ethical process? Evaluate the action
What are the purposes of ethic committees? education, policy recommendation, and case consultation
How do ethical problems begin? when people feel misled or are not aware of their options and do not know when to speak up about their concerns
Genetic testing alerts a? client to a condition that is not yet evident but that is certain to develop in the future
What is futile? it refers to something that is useless: hopless; serving no useful purpose
Created by: alicia.rennaker