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Simple Kingdoms Unit

QuestionAnswer
antibiotic medicine used to kill bacteria
autotroph producer or organism that has the ability to make its own food
bioremediation biological treatment of hazardous waste by living organisms
decomposers an organism that breaks down dead matter
eukaryote organisms that are made up of cells that contain a nucleus
heterotroph consumers or organisms that cannot make their own food
host organism from which a parasite takes food or shelter
lichen symbiotic (mutalistic)relationship between a fungus and an algae
prokaryote organisms that contain cells without a nucleus
What important cell structure do bacteria lack? nucleus
What type of environments do Archaebacteria live in? extreme enviornments: oceans, hot springs, salty waters, swamps, animal intestines
endospore thick walled protective spore that forms inside a bacteria cell (*formed when conditions are harsh)
How do bacteria reproduce? binary fission (copy DNA & divide)
How are bacteria helpful? decomposers (recycle), nitrogen fixation, bioremediation, food, medicine
How are bacteria harmful? pathogenic (disease causing), damage crops
How is a virus like a living thing? Viruses can reproduce, they have genetic material, they contain protein
How does a virus reproduce? By attacking a living cell and turning it into a virus factory.
What are the basic characteristics of protists? most are unicellular, few multicellular, eukaryotes
Pseudopods "false feet" or extensions of cytoplasm (ameoba)
Cilia hair like strucutures (paramecium)
Flagella whip like tail (euglena)
How do plantlike protist make their own food? photosynthesis
What are the basic characteristics of fungi? mostly multicellular with a few unicellular, eukaryotes, heterotrophs, cell wall, cannot move on own, reproduce sexually or asexually
hyphae fungal filaments (chains of cells)
mushrooms club fungi that contain cap, gills, stripe
yeast unicellular fungi, reproduce by budding
mold shapeless of fungi
budding asexual reproduction used by yeast
Examples of human fungal infections Athlete's Foot, Ringworm
How do fungi reproduce? asexual reproduction (spores, broken hyphae, budding) & sexual reproduction
Created by: jmebuckley