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Plants Angio/Gymno

Study guide for the Angio and Gyno sperm quiz on Friday

What do all plants have that allow them to go through a process using the sun's energy and carbon dioxide? What is the process? Chlorophyll, photosynthesis.
Are plants consumers decomposers or producers? Producers.
What are plants' cell walls made of? Cellulose.
Are plants many celled, or single celled? If they are many celled, what are the three MAIN types of cells in the plant? Many celled. Root, stem and leave cells.
What is the most important type of plant cell? The reproductive cell.
Can plants move from place to place? No, they are immobile.
Plants are ______ (Hint: Eu, eu, eu!) Eukaryotic.
Seedless plants are also known as... Bryophytes.
Seedless plants do not have... Roots, stems or leaves.
How do seedless plants reproduce? With spores.
What is a spore? A simple, reproductive cell.
Seedless plants are usually a_______cells thick because they absorb all needed materials such as ____ and ______from the environment. Few, water, minerals.
What is the pioneer species? The first to grow in an area, especially after devastation.
Examples of Seedless plants: Mosses and Liverworts.
Seedless vascular plants contain _____ tissue. Vascular.
Seedless vascular plants are also known as... Tracheophytes.
How do seedless vascular plants reproduce? With sperms.
Because these plants have support structures, they can grow very large. What type of seedless plant is this? Vascular.
Seed plants contain ______ tissue, or a group of tube-like colls that carry food, water and minerals throughout the plant. Vascular.
How do seed plants reproduce? Explain. With seeds. In plants, a seed is the fertilized egg that results from the joining of a sperm cell and an egg cell.
What are the three main things that seed plants have? Roots, stems and leaves.
What are the two kinds of seed plants? Gymnosperms and Angiosperms.
The seeds of gymnosperms often grow on _____. What are the two types of these. Describe them. Cones. Male: Small and contains pollen. Female: Large and contain ovules which become seeds.
What is a gymnosperm that cannot lose their leaves all at one time? Evergreens.
Some examples are pines, spruces, sequoias and firs. These are plants that produce seeds in cones. What are they? Conifers.
What are the records for these conifers? 1. Bristlecone pine: ___ 2. Giant Redwood: ___ 1. 4000 years old 2. 300 feet tall.
Conifers mostly supply what industries? Wood and lumber.
What are three other gymnosperms? Larches, cycads and gingkoes.
What does gymnosperm mean and why? "Naked seed" because the seeds are not enclosed special structures such as fruits.
What does Angiosperm mean and why? "Seed in a container" because the seeds are enclosed in special structures called fruits, angiosperm seeds are more protected than gymnosperm seeds!
All ________sperms have flowers. Angio
Define deciduous They lose all their leaves at once... ANGIOSPERMS!
_________make up most of the plants living on Earth today! Angiosperms.
Common Angiosperms are... : Daisies, roses, dandelions, tomatoes, daffodils and maple trees.
Define cotyledon The food storing part of the seed that is used by the developing plant until it can make its own food.
If there is one cotyledon it is a..... Monocot.
If there are 2 cotyledons then it is a..... Dicot.
The veins in monocots are ________ while the veins in Dicots ________ Parallel, branch out.
The flowers in monocots petals are multiples of ___ and in dicots ___ 3. 4 or 5.
In monocots, the vascular bundles or ________ are scattered. the groups of tubes that carry food, water and minerals throughout the plant.
Examples of monocots: Lilies, tulips, grass and corn.
The vascular bundles are arranged in what way is a dicot? A ring.
Examples of dicots: peanuts, daisies, petunias and lima beans.
The most important plants for HUMANS are: Wheat, rice, corn and potatoes.
Animals get their energy from plants by... 1. Eating them directly. 2. They can eat organisms that ate other plants. (THE FOOD CHAIN!)
What are six uses for plants other then food? 1. Produce oxygen through phtosynthesis. 2. Flavor food/spices. 3. For making clothes (cotton/flax) 4. For wood and paper products. 5. Medicines. 6. Perfumes.
Created by: brigid_oshea