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Unit one lesson

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QuestionAnswer
Ethical principle addressed when the nurse shares client information with only those who have a “need to know”. confidentiality
Ethical principle involved when a nurse asks for assistance when doing a procedure that he/she isn’t familiar with. non-maleficence
Ethical principle being addressed when a nurse promises to bring a client medication and does it fidelity
Ethical principle addressed when the nurse encourages a client to complete an advanced directive. autonomy
Ethical principle addressed when a nurse makes sure that all clients are treated equally. justice
Statement summarizing the nursing professions non-negotiable ethical standards. Code Of Ethics for Nursing
This agency identifies new infectious organisms and regulates practices for preventing the spread of these organisms. Centers For Disease Control
Gloves, gowns and masks. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
A term used to describe how infections spread from one person to another. Mode of Transmission
Four elements that must be established to prove that malpractice or neglect has occurred. duty, breach of duty, causation, damages
A theory that assists nurses to prioritize care. Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Needs
The seven rights of medication administration. the right drug, the right dose, the right route, the right time, the right patient, the right reason and the right documentation
The components of the health belief model that are most influenced when a 44 year old person who has smoked for 22 years watches his father, also a lifelong smoker, die of lung cancer. perceived susceptibility to and seriousness of disease.
The six human dimensions that can influence a person’s health status. age, genetic factors, physiologic factors, health habits, lifestyle and environment
Three components of an individual’s perception of disease threat that are the basis of the Health Belief Model. perceived susesptibility to disease, perceived seriousness of disease and perceived benefits of action
Theory that views health as a constantly changing state with high-level wellness and death being on opposite ends of a continuum. health-illness continuum
Irreversible alterations in anatomy and physiology, a long period of care or support and the need for patient education for rehabilitation. characteristics of chronic illness
A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. World Health Organization definition of Health
Legislative guidelines that establish the nurses’ roles and responsibilities. Nurse Practice Acts
The nurses’ role in protecting and supporting the patient’s rights. Advocacy
Four essential competencies of nurses. cognitive, technical, interpersonal and legal/ethical skill
Empirical nursing knowledge base. Evident Based Practice
The type of thinking that a nurse is using when she feels that the client’s condition is deteriorating and calls the Rapid Response Team. Intuitive Thinking
A patient-centered, outcome-oriented method used by nurses. Nursing Process
The unit of measure that the nurse converts to the unit of measure on hand
The number of milliliters that would be administered to a child if the doctor ordered 2 teaspoons. 10 ml
Mathematical process used when converting from a smaller to a larger unit. divide
The number of milligrams in 1 grain 60mg
The six rights of medication. the right drug, dose, route, time, client and documentation
The number of pounds per kg 2.2lbs
Diseases that are transmitted by the bite of an insect. vectorborne disease
Diseases that are transmitted by the bite of an insect. vectorborne disease
Diseases that are transmitted by the bite of an insect. vectorborne disease
Guidelines used by nurses to prevent the spread of infection with all clients. standard precautions
Examples of suseptible hosts infants and older adults, clients with impaired nutritional, intestinal and skin status and clients who are immunosuppressed
Interval between organisms entry into the body and symptoms of infection. Incubation period
Early stage of infection where the person has vague symptoms but isn’t aware that they are contagious. Prodromal stage
Local and systemic symptoms of infection are present Full stage of illness
Recovery period from infection. Time period may vary according to the severity of infection and patient’s general condition. Convalescent period
Utilizing “clean technique” that reduces the number and transfer of pathogens. Hand hygiene is the most effective way to prevent the spread of infection. Medical Asepsis
Precautions to be applied with all patient’s, regardless of diagnosis, when handling blood, body fluids, all secretions and excretions except sweat, nonintact skin and mucous membranes. standard precautions
Precautions used in addition to standard precautions for patients with a suspected infection that can be spread via the contact, airborne or droplet route transmission-base precaution
transfer of responsibility for the performance of a task to another peron while the nurse retains accountability delegation
powder or gel form of an active drug enclose in a gelatinous container, ma also be called liquigel. capsule
medication in a clear liquid containing water,alcohol, sweeteners, and flavor elixir
a tablet or pill-coated to prevent stomach erritation, it melt in small intestine enteric coated
preparation of medication that allows for slow and continuos release over a predetermine period, ma also be referred to as DR or CRT(Controlled Release), SR(sustained or slow release) SA (sustained action), LA(long Action) or TR(timed released) Extended release
medication mixed with alcohol, oil,or soap, which is rubbed on the skin liniment
drug particled in a solution for topical use lotion
small oval, round or oblong preparation containing a drug in a flavored or sweetened base which dissolves in the mouth and releasaes the medication; also called troche lozenge
semisolid preparation containing a drug to be applied externally, also called an unction ointment
mixture of a powdered drug with a cohesive material; maybe round or oval pill
single or mixture of finely ground drugs powder
a drug dissolved in another substance solution
an easily melted medication preparation in a firm base such as gelatin that is inserted into the body (rectum,vagina, urethra) suppository
finely divided, undissolved particles in a liquid medium; shoul be shaken before use suspension
medication combined in a water and sugar solution syrup
a small solid dose medication, compressed or molded; maybe any color size or shape;enteric coated tablets are coated with a substance that is insoluble in gastric acids to reduce gastric irritation by the drug tablet
unit dose of medication applied directly to skin for diffussion through the skin and absorption into the bloodstream transdermal patch
having patient swallow drug oral route
3 types of oral route enteral route, sublingual administration,buccal administration
9 types of parenteral route subcutaneous injection, intramuscular injection, intradermal injection, intravenous injection, intraarterial injection, intracardial injection, intraperotoneal injection, intraspinal injection, intraosseous injection,
6 topical route vaginal administration, rectal administration, inunction, instillation, irrigation, skin application
having patient inhale drug pulmonary route
administering drug through an enteral tube enteral route
placing drug under tongue sublingual administration
placing drug between cheek and gum buccal administration
injecting drug parenteral route
rubbing drug into skin inunction
placing drug into direct contact with mucous membrane instillation
flushing mucous membrane with drug in solution irrigation
applying transdermal patch skin application
injecting drug into the bone intraosseous injection
injecting drug into corium intradermal injection
injecting drug into the muscle intramuscular injection
injecting drug into heart tissue intracardial injection
disease resulting from pathogens in or on the body infection
a very good example of reservior nurses
move through space on air currents microorganisms
infection that occurs when the causative organisms comes from microbial life harbored within the persona endogenous
an infection that occurs when the causative organisms is acquired from other people exogenous
3 factors that influence the ability of an organism to produce disease in a person number of organisms, virulence of organisms, susceptibility of host,competence of the person's immune system, length and intimacy of the contact between person and microorganism
name 3 types of isolation contact,droplet,airborne
approximately how many percent of healthcare workers have reported a latex sensibility 8-12%
term that describes the stage of illness where the patient has contracted the infection, but does not yet display symptoms incubation period
what type of precautions used for blood, all body fluids, secretion and excretions except sweat, nonintact skin, and mucous membrane standard precautions
what type of precautions used for pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne, droplets or contact routes transmission-based precautions
name the 6 infection cycle infectious agent,reservoir, protal of entry, mode of transmission, portal of exit, susceptible agnet
name the 6 infection cycle infectious agent,reservoir, protal of entry, mode of transmission, portal of exit, susceptible agnet
name the 6 infection cycle infectious agent,reservoir, protal of entry, mode of transmission, portal of exit, susceptible agnet
Created by: fentayo316