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CRJ Investigation

Method for reconstructing the past 5th edition

Key terms and Concepts Definitions
Peelers, Bobbies Metropolitan Police Act of 1829 named their first professional force members as first the "Peelers", in honor of Sir Robert Peel (Britians home secretary)then later known as "Bobbies".
Watch of London, Old Charleys Earliest police in England worked only at night, was first known as "Watch of London" then later known as "Old Charleys"
Bow Street Runners unofficial, unpaid, no uniforms; who started off as night watchmen then came to be Criminal Investigation. First called Mr.Fieldings people, after novelist Henry Fieldings.
Thief Catchers Before the advent of formal police agencies, crime was frequently battled by these hirelings.
Criminal Investigation defined as the collection of information and evidence for identifying, apprehending and convicting suspected offenders. Also known as the reconstruction of a past event.
Third Degree employed in the United States in 1931 by the Wickersham Commission (appointed by President Herbert Hoover) to characterize the extraction of confessions accompanied by brute force.
Particularized Motive Crimes such as homicide, arson, assault
Universal Motive Crimes such as burglary, robbery, rape
Comparison Microscope Developed by Calvin Goddard
Notes, Sketches, Photographs Necessary at the beginning of Investigation to aid prosecution in court.
Eyewitness Someone who directly observe an crime and helps to identify the perpetrator.
Complainant or Victims Person claiming to have been victimized by a crime or Person harmed by a crime
Plea bargaining making a deal with the prosecution to seek a lesser charge.
Jurisdiction Criminal Investigators have no responsibly in matters that pertain to others jurisdiction.
Cross Examination Prosecution and Defense takes turns questioning in court
Rules of Evidence Notes, Photos, Sketches, who, what, where, when, why, how and the identification that eventually leads to an apprehension, kept in order of collection so evidence is not tampered with.
Hans Gross Father of Forensic Investigation
Francis Galton Fingerprint Science
Paul Uhlenhuth Precipitin tests for blood species
Edmond Locard First police laboratory in Lyon, France
Paul Kirk Criminalistics
Justice housed what? Federal Bureau of Investigation
Homeland Security Housed what? U.S. Secret Service
"Set a thief to catch a thief" An old Eighteen century England saying by Jonathan Wild(Law enforcer/ Law breaker )
Created by: Collegegurl21