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Street Law Chapt16

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Latin for "parent of the country"; the doctrine that allows the government to take care of minors and others who cannot legally take care of themselves parens patriae
a minor who has committed an act that, if committed by an adult, would be a crime under federal, state, or local law; such offenders are usually processed through the juvenile justice system delinquent offenders
a minor who has committed an act that would not be a crime if committed by an adult, such as truancy from school, running away from home, or being habitually disobedient; they are considered beyond the control of their legal guardians status offenders
the failure of a parent or guardian to properly feed, clothe, shelter, educate, or tend to the medical needs of a child neglected (abused) children or neglect
statutes in which parents are held responsible and may be prosecuted for crimes committed by their children parental responsibility laws
the act, by an adult, of aiding or encouraging illegal or improper conduct by a minor contributing to the delinquency of a minor
to move a juvenile felony case to adult criminal court transfer hearing (waiver hearing)
the age (usually 18 or 21) at which a person becomes an adult, as specified by state law, and acquires both the rights and the responsibilities of adulthood age of majority
the informal process in which court officials or social workers decide if a complaint against a juvenile should be referred to juvenile court intake
a preliminary examination of the validity of a youth's arrest, during which the state must prove that an offense was committed and that there is reasonable cause to believe the accused youth committed it initial hearing
holding a person (such as a juvenile) against his or her will without bail until trial because of the likelihood that the individual will commit another crime preventive detention
the procedure used to determine the facts in a juvenile case; similar to an adult trial, but generally closed to the public adjudicatory hearing
the final sentence or result of a case disposition
the equivalent of parole in the juvenile justice system; a juvenile is supervised and assisted by a parole officer or social worker aftercare
Created by: rierei1971