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Street Law Chapt13

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
the formal process of making a police record of an arrest booking
a court session at which a defendant is charged and enters a plea; for a misdemeanor this is also the defendant's initial appearance, at which the judge informs him or her of the charges and sets the bail arraignment
money or property put up by the accused or his or her agent to allow release from jail before trial; the purpose of this is to assure the court the defendant will return for trial; if the defendant is present for trial, the money or property is returned bail
a release from legal custody based on a defendant's promise to show up for trial; an alternative to cash bail, this practice is used if the judge decides that the defendant is likely to return personal recognizance
a prosecuting attorney's formal accusation of the defendant, detailing the nature and circumstances of the charge information
pretrial proceeding at which the prosecutor must prove that a crime was committed and establish the probable guilt of the defendant; if the evidence presented does not show probable guilt, the judge may dismiss the case preliminary hearing
a group of 16 to 23 people who hear preliminary evidence to decide if there is sufficient evidence to decide if there is sufficient reason to formally charge a person with a crime grand jury
a grand jury's formal charge or accusation of criminal action indictment
Latin phrase meaning "no contest"; a defendant's plea to criminal charges that does not admit guilt but also does not contest the charges; it is equal to a guilty plea, but can't be used as evidence in a later civil trial for damages (using same facts) nolo contendere
a document by which a party asks the judge to make a decision or take some action before the trial begins pretrial motion
a request by the defendant to examine, before trial, certain evidence possessed by the prosecution motion for discovery of evidence
a request to postpone a lawsuit to gain more time to prepare the case motion for a continuance
a request to change the location of a trial to avoid community hostility, for the convenience of a witness, or for other reasons motion for a change of venue
a motion filed by a criminal defense attorney, asking the court to exclude any evidence that was illegally obtained from the attorney's client motion to suppress evidence
as used in discussing search and seizure, this is an argument for the use of the exclusionary rule, which emphasizes that courts should not permit lawbreaking by the police judicial integrity
measures taken to discourage criminal actions; usually some form of punishment; it is the belief that punishment will discourage the offender from committing future crimes and will serve as an example to keep others from committing crimes deterrence
in a criminal case, the negotiations between the prosecutor, defendant, and defendant's attorney; in exchange for the defendant agreeing to plead guilty, the prosecutor agrees to charge the defendant with a less serious crime plea bargaining
Created by: rierei1971