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Street Law Chapt5


courts that listen to testimony, consider evidence, and decide the facts in a disputed situation trial court
the people directly concerned with or taking part in any legal matter parties
in a civil case, the injured party who brings legal action against the alleged wrongdoer plaintiff
the state or federal government's attorney in a criminal case prosecutor
the person against whom a claim is made; in a civil suit, this person is the person being sued; in a criminal case, this person is the person charged with committing a crime defendant
the judicial system used in the US; it allows opposing parties to present their legal conflicts before an impartial judge and jury adversarial system
a European method for handling disputes in which the judge plays an active role in gathering and presenting evidence and questioning witnesses inquisitional system
from the French phrase meaning "to speak the truth"; it is the screening process in which opposing lawyers question prospective jurors to ensure as favorable or as fair a jury as possible voir dire
part of the jury selection process; after voir dire, opposing attorneys may request removal of any juror who does not appear capable of rendering a fair and impartial verdict removal for cause
part of the pretrial jury selection; attorneys on opposing sides may dismiss a certain number of possible jurors without giving any reason; there is one exception: these can not be used to discriminate based on race peremptory challenges
a court in which appeals from trial-court decisions are heard appeals court
a mistake made by a judge in legal procedures or rulings during a trial that may allow the case to be appealed error of law
court decision on a legal question that guides future cases with similar questions precedent
in a trial or appeal, the written opinion of the minority of judges who disagree with the decision of the majority dissenting opinion
an additional written court opinion in which a judge or judges agrees with the decision reached by the court, but for reasons different from those used to support the majority opinion concurring opinion
the powers that Congress is assumed to have because they result logically from the powers expressly listed in the Constitution; they are derived from the "necessary and proper clause" of the Constitution inherent powers
the powers specifically granted to Congress by Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution; also called enumerated or expressed powers; indicate power to tax, regulate commerce, and declare war delegated powers
Certiorari is a Latin word meaning "to be informed of"; it is a formal application by a party to have a lower-court decision reviewed by the US Supreme Court, which has discretion to approve or deny any such application petitions for certiorari
Created by: rierei1971