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Legal & Ethical

McGraw-Hill Medical Emergency Care 2nd Edition Chapter 3

Administrative agency government body that implements and enforces laws passed by legislative branch
Appeal attorney requests that a higher court hears the case
Plantiff party that files the complaint
Defendant party being sued
Statue of limitations time period that you can be charged for a crime
Criminal Law federal, state, or local governement prosecutes individuals for violating laws designed to safegaurd society
Civil Law complaints by individuals or organizations against a defendant for illegal act or wrong doing
Standing Orders written instructions that authorize EMS to perform certain medical duties BEFORE establishing direct comm. with a physician
Protocols written instructions providing emergency care for certain health-related conditions.
Protected Health Information (PHI) information you get from a patient
Competence patients ability to understand the questions you are asking him
Incompetent patient does not have the ABILITY to understand
Legal competence patient must be 18 years old
Mental competence patient is alert and orientated (Person, place, time, and event)
Medical/situational competence temp. affects of competence due to injury or illness of situation
Altered mental status under the influence of drugs (including Rx and legal drugs), medical conditons, and alcohol
Expressed consent patient gives SPECIFIC permission for care and transport
Informed consent must give patient enough information to make an informed decision
Implied consent assumed from patient due to emergency care who is mentally, physically, or emotionally unable to provide expressed consent
Advanced Directices DNR or an advanced directive which outlines care to be done when patient is unable to express their wishes
Assault threatening, attempting, or causing fear of offensive physical contact
Battery unlawful touching of another person without consent
Abandonment terminating patient care w/o ensuring continued care at the same level or higher will be continued
Negligence deviation from accepted standard of care resulting in injury to patient
Proximate cause your actions or inaction caused or contributed to patients injury
Libel injuring a person's name, character, or reputation by false and malicous WRITINGS
Slander injuring a person's character, name, or reputation by false or malicous SPOKEN WORDS
Created by: redbone7266