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Human Repro Final

Human Reproduction Final Exam

Body system that produces hormones Endocrine system
Two types of hormones the body produces Steroid and Peptide
Hormone that enters the cell for it to work Steroid
Hormone that stays on the outside of the cell but sets off a chain reaction inside Peptide
When the sex of an individual is determined Fertilization
Gene for being male SRY
Hormone that has positive feedback Oxytocin
Hormone that has negative feedback Testosterone
Time when secondary sex characteristics begin appearing Puberty
Hormone that stimulates uterine contractions Oxytocin
Hormone that stimulates female characteristics Estrogen
Hormone that stimulates production of FSH and LH GnRH
Hormone that stimulates milk production Prolactin
Hormone that stimulates male characteristics Testosterone
Where sperm are produced Testes
Structure that connects the epididymis to the urethra Vas deferens
The process where sperm leaves the male's body Ejaculation
Muscular structure where the fetus develops Uterus
The place where eggs mature Ovary
Where fertilization takes place Uterine tubes
The structure in the sperm containing enzymes to "eat" away at the layers around the egg Acrosome
The very first cell after fertilization Zygote
More than one sperm entering an egg Polyspermy
Structure where nutrients and wastes are exchanged between mother and baby Placenta
Structure that transports fetal blood back and forth to the placenta Umbilical cord
An incision that enlarges the vaginal opening for childbirth Episiotomy
Shaping of the embryo Morphogenesis
Cells beginning to specialize Differentiation
A lot of cell division but no growth Cleavage
Site of blood cell formation Yolk sac
Will become the umbilical cord Allantois
Contains fluid to cushion and protect the embryo Amnion
Will become the fetal half of the placenta Chorion
The process of the embryo embedding itself into the uterine wall Implantation
Vasectomy or tubal ligation Sterilization
Day of ovulation determined by recordkeeping Natural Family Planning
Not engaging in sexual intercourse Abstinence
Penis withdrawn before ejaculation Coitus interruptus
Latex sheath fitted over an erect penis Condom
Vaginal ring containing hormones NuvaRing
An injectable form of hormonal contraception Depo Provera
The morning after pill Plan B
An IUD good for up to 5 years Mirena
Chewable form of birth control pill Ovcon 35
A pill for women who are breastfeeding Mini Pill
A pill marketed as giving women only four periods per year Seasonale
A non-surgical form of sterilization Essure
A birth control pill taken 365 days a year Lybrel
A patch containing hormones Ortho Evra
Silicon tube implanted under a woman's skin Implanon
Caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae Gonorrhea
Viral STD characterized by painful ulcers/blisters Genital Herpes
Caused by an insect, Phthirus pubis Pubic lice
Therapy for this virus is called HAART HIV
Infection caused by the bacteria Garnerella vaginalis Bacterial vaginosis
Caused by a protozoan, Trichomonas vaginalis Trichomoniasis
Gardisil is a vaccine recently developed to prevent the transmission of this virus Genital warts (HPV)
When this bacterial STD infects the brain, people have been described as “going mad” with this disease Syphilis
Caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum Syphilis
Caused by a yeast, Candida albicans Candidal vaginitis
Caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis Chlamydia
The number of stages in an HIV infection Three
Where most people with HIV live Africa
T cell count of 500-800mm3 Acute phase of HIV
STD with the highest number of new cases Genital warts
Type of cell HIV infects T helper lymphocytes
Patients with AIDS usually die of this Opportunistic infections
Created by: Miss Cote