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Unit 7:2

Body Planes & Cavities (Updated)

QuestionAnswer
Directional terms are created by body planes
Cranial is a term for body parts located near the head.
Body parts away from the midsagittal, or median, plane are lateral.
The fingers are distal, and the wrist is proximal to the shoulder.
LUQ left upper quadrant
RUQ right lupper quadrant
LLQ left lower quadrant
The dorsal cavities are larger than the ventral cavities.
Body cavities are spaces within the body that contain vital organs.
The diaphragm is a dome-shaped muscle that separates the ventral cavity into two distinct cavities.
The diaphragm is important for respiration.
The kidneys and adrenal glands are in the retroperitoneal space behind the abdominal cavity
The dorsal cavity is one long, continuous cavity.
the body is in anatomic position when it is facing forward
The terms relating to body planes, directions, and cavities are used frequently in the study of human anatomy.
The horizontal plane that divides the body into a top half and a bottom half is the ____. transverse
The body plane that divides the body into right and left sides is the ____. midsagittal
Body parts in front of the frontal plane are called ____. ventral or anterior
Body parts close to the midsagittal plane are called ____. medial
Body parts close to a point of reference are ____. proximal
The body cavity located in the chest is the ____. thoracic cavity
The body cavity that contains the brain and spinal cord is the ____. dorsal cavity
The cavity for the mouth is the ____. buccal cavity
The cavity that contains the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and the last part of the large intestine is the ____. pelvic cavity
The cavity that contains the heart, lungs, and large blood vessels is the ____. thoracic cavity
The cavity that contains the eyes is the ____. orbital cavity
The nose is medial to the ears
left upper quadrant: LUQ; left lower quadrant: LLQ; right upper quadrant: RUQ; right lower quadrant: RLQ the four quadrants of the abdominal cavity, and list the correct abbreviation for each quadrant.
Correct terminology to describe the relationship of the ankle to the knee if the hip is the point of reference. ankle is distal to the knee, and the knee is proximal to the hip
What is the name of the cavity that contains the brain? cranial
the cavity that contains the stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen? upper abdominal
region above the stomach epigastric
region on the right side near the groin right iliac or inguinal
region on the left side below the ribs left hypochondriac
region by the umbilicus, or belly button umbilical
region on the left side by the large bones of the spinal column left lumbar
region below the stomach hypogastric or pelvic
RLQ right lower quadrant
the relationship of the ankle to the knee if thehip is the point of reference ankle is distal to the knee, and the knee is proximal to the hip
Cavity that contains the brain dorsal or cranial cavity
Cavity that contains the stomach, small intestine, most of the large intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and spleen upper abdominal
Created by: votec