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Marine Science Rev.

aquarium glass or acrylic
biological filtration synthetic bacteria occurs
chemical filtration dissolved chemicals are removed from the water
gravel acts as a ph buffer
mechanical filtration particular matters are removed from the water
what instrument is used to measure salinity and specific gravity in a saltwater tank? hydrometer
identify toxic substances that accumulate in a saltwater tank. ammonia
Ntrosomonas amonia to nitrite
How do you fix the following water quality problems: evaporation add fresh water
cloudy water water change
algae growth scrape tank
what is the correct specific gravity range for a salt water aquarium? 1.020-1.024 g/ml
describe what marine science and oceanography are. marine science- study of the nature of the ocean oceanography- study of the oceans content and processes
what are four main branches of oceanography? biological, chemical, physical, geological
identify 3 primary reasons for early civilization to interact with the ocean. trade, foo, exploration
Phoenicians 1st established trade routes
Chinese invented compass
Vikings stone maps
Charles Darwin theory of coral growth
Polynesians built canoes
Eratosthenes circumference of the earth
Columbus first to explore America
HMS Challenger first solely based marine science expedition
Trieste went to challenger deep
GPS global positioning system
Alvin made over 150 dives. (discovered Titanic)
ROV remotely operated vehicle
Loran C long range navigation
Satellites gather patterns
Sonar maps the seafloor
crust outermost layer
outer core outermost layer
lithosphere uppermost region of the mantle
mantle think and fluid like
inner core innermost layer
asthenosphere top part of upper mantle
name the four major layers of the earth in order. crust, mantle, outer core, inner core
explain why oceanic crust is denser than continental crust. oceanic crust is older
explain the general interaction of oceanic crust and continental crust oceanic crust sub ducts below continental crust
who proposed the past existence of Pangea and the theory of continental drift? alfred wegner
describe the evidence of the theory of continental drift. fossils, coal deposits, puzzle model
explain why continental drift was not accepted at first. could not explain how continents drifted, meteorologist not geologist
explain the theory of seafloor spreading. as plates move it is believed the sea floor will expand (new rock formed)
how did sonar contribute to the information about the ocean bottom? maps the ocean floor
how did glomar challenger contribute to the theory of sea floor spreading? took core samples, collected rock info
explain the theory of plate tectonics. pacific will shrink, atlantic will expand
identify the four types of sediments based on origin hydrogenous, cosmogenous, lithogenous, biogenous
identify factors that determine the density of ocean waters. salinity and temperature
explain why oceans are less prone to freezing then lakes? as salinity increases water resists freezing
identify the effect of temperature on the solubility of gases in seawater. thermocline- when temperature changes rapidly with depth
describe water's properties due to it's polar nature: hydrogen bonding water is a liquid
cohesion molecules stick together
adhesion water sticks to other molecules
viscosity fluid resists flow
ice floats hydrogen bonds spread to a crystal structure
gulf stream carries warm water
california current carries cool water
what are the factors that affect direction and patterns of a major ocean current? wind and landmasses
spring tide occur during full and new moon
neap tide occur during quarter moon
define emergent plants and give examples plants that live on land. ex. palm tree
define submergent plants and give examples plants that live underwater. ex. seaweed
porifera sponge
nemertea ribbon worm
nematoda round worm
ctenophora box jelly
mollusca snail
platyhelminthes pollyachate worms
cyanobacteria blue-green algae
dinophyta red tide
phaeophyta brown algae
rhodophyta red algae
chlorophyta green chlorophyll
why are red algae so important to coral reefs? secretion of calcium carbonate
red tide is primarily caused by which phylum? dinophyta
what is a bloom and what causes it? rapid increase of algae creates harmful phytoplankton
describe biotic and abiotic aspects of the sargasso sea. biotic- seaweed abiotic- sand and water
collar cells line interior of sponge
oscula water goes in
radial symmetry round
mantle organ that secretes shell
tube feet locomotion
amoebocytes distribute nutrients throughout the sponge
cnidocytes stinging prey
mesoglea jelly substance
muscular foot movement
water vascular system hydratic system
spicules needle-like structures made of glass
polyps tentacles up
radula tongue-like structure with scraping teeth for feeding
spongin keeps sponge up straight
medusa tentacles down
abductor muscles close and open shell
mandibles mouth parts, eating
chelipeds claws, catch prey
swimmerets legs, assist with swimming
uropods tail fan
gastropoda snail, one shell, muscular foot
cephalopoda octopus, squid, tentacles
bivalves claws, abductors
Nitrobacter nitrite to nitrate
Created by: ocue10