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25 top nclex drugs

QuestionAnswer
Aspirin Do not give together w/ other __________. Do not give to what age group? why? with other anticoagulants. Stop taking Aspirin some days before surgery. Do not give to children with viral infection(Reye syndrome)
NSAID’s contraindicated for people with what condition? e.g. Ibuprofen—Take with food; contraindicated for people with GI ulcers
Morphine hold if resp less than what? : A respiratory depressant. It should be withheld if the respirations are below 10
Dilantin anticonvulsant can cause what s/e? Causes gum hyperplasia. Advice client to visit dentist frequently
Predisone : Causes Cushing like symptoms. Common side effects are immunosupression(monitor client for infection), hyperglycemia
Heparin Monitor what lab? :H-E-P-E-R-I-N _ _ _ what is the antidote? PTT Antidote i-s protamine sulfate
Coumadin monitor which lab? Which value, PT or PTT, does heparin influence? Which one does coumadin? Stumped? You can find the right answer by counting to 10 C-o-u-m-i-d-i-n _ _ _ what is the antidote? PT. Antidote is Vitamin K
Cogentin :ANTI-PARKINSONIAN Used to treat EPS
Sinemet : Drug is effective when tremors are not observed
Theophylline/Aminophylline : Broncho dialator Side effects--Tachycardia
Digoxin. use. s/e therapetic level ___-___ng/ml (Lanoxin): Signs of toxicity: Pt will complaint of visual change in colors. Cardiovascular. They would also complain of loss of appetite.
Magnesium Sulfate : ANTIHYPERTENSIVE (PRE-ECLAMPSIA)Monitor for deep tendon reflex and respiratory depression
Hydrochlothiazide-use. monitor what levels? DIURETICS Monitor potassium levels
Lasix use. monitor what levels? : Monitor potassium levels
Aldactone. class. use. it spares what? : Potassium sparing
Lithium Carbonate therapuetic range ___-___mEq/L :PSYCHOTROPICS Know therapeutic range (0.8 to 1.2mEq). Also know symptoms of toxicity. Adequate fluid and salt intake is important.
MAOI inhibitors : PSYCHOTROPICS Have dangerous food-drug interactions. Food with Tyramine should be avoided. For example: aged cheese, wine etc.
Disulfiram (Antabuse) : Used for alcohol aversion therapy. Clients started on Disulfiram must avoid any form of alcohol or they would develop a severe reaction. Teach pt to avoid some over-the-counter cough preparations, mouthwash etc.
Oxytocin : Assess uterus frequently for tetanic contraction.
Narcan: Reverses the effects of what class of drugs? : Reverses the effects of narcotics
Calcium Gluconate antidote for what? : Antidote for magnesium sulfate
Vitamin K antidote for what? : Antidote for Coumadin
Tegretol : Carbamazepine - side effects.Common adverse effects include drowsiness, headaches and migraines, motor coordination impairment and/or upset stomach. Carbamazepine preparations typically greatly decrease a person's alcohol tolerance.
Atropine What do you do before giving this drug? check BP
Epogen. use. moa : Used in treating anemia because it increases RBC production.
Acyclovir. class. use : anti-viral medication used in treating shingles.
Aminoglycocides Monitor client taking antibiotics such as Vancomycin for ototoxicity. Pt will complain of tinnitus, room spinning (vertigo) and nausea.
dilantin. use. therapeutic level __-___mcg/dl anti-epileptic/anticonvulsant. 10-20mcg/dl
Created by: pbprider