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Chapter 11 Vocab

Vocab. Flash cards (Ch. 11)

QuestionAnswer
A lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts. Bicameral legislature
An attempt to defeat a bill in the senate by talking indefinitely, thus preventing the senate from taking action on the bill. Filibuster
Political districts in which candidates elected to the House of Representatives win close elections, typically less than 55% of the vote. Marginal Districts
Districts in which incumbents win by margins of 55% or more. Safe districts
An alliance between Republicans and conservative democrats. Conservative Coalition
The legislative leader elected by party members holding the majority of seats in the House of Representatives or the Senate. Majority Leader
The legislative leader elected by party members holding a minority of seats in the House of Representatives or the senate. Minority leader
A senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking, rounds up members when important votes are to be taken, and attempts to keep a nose count on how the voting on controversial issues is likely to go Whip
A vote in which a majority of Democratic legislators oppose a majority of Republican legislatures. Party polarization
An association of members of Congress created to advocate a political ideology or a regional, ethnic, or economic interest. Caucus (Congressional)
Permanently established legislative committees that consider and are responsible for legislation within a certain subject area. Standing Committee
Congressional committees appointed for a limited time and purpose. Select Committees
Committees on which both representatives and senators serve. Joint committees
The conference committee is made up of representatives and senators appointed to resolve differences in the Senate and the House versions of the same piece of legislation before the final passage. It is a joint committee. Conference Committee
A legislative bill that deals with matters of general concern. A bill involving defense expenditures is a public bill. Public Bill
A legislative bill that deals only with specific, private, personal, or local matters rather than with general legislative affairs. Private bill
An expression of opinion either in the House of Representatives or the senate to settle housekeeping or procedural matters in either body. Such expressions are not signed by the president and do not have the force of law. Simple resolution
An expression of congressional opinion without the force of law that requires the approval of both the House and the Senate but not of the president. Used to settle housekeeping and procedural matters that affect both houses. Concurrent Resolution
A formal expression of congressional opinion that must be approved by both houses of Congress and by the president. Joint resolutions proposing a constitutional amendment don't need to be signed by the president. Joint resolution
A congressional process whereby a bill may be referred to several committees that consider it simultaneously in whole or in part. Multiple referral
A device by which any member of the House, after a committee has had the bill for thirty days, may petition to have it brought to the floor. If a majority of the members agree, the bill is discharged from the committee. Discharge petition
An order from the House Rules Committee that sets a time limit on debate and forbids a particular bill from being amended on the legislative floor. Closed rule
An order from the House Rules Committee that permits a bill to be amended on the legislative floor. Open Rule
An order from the House Rules Committee that permits certain kinds of amendments but not others to be made into a bill on the legislative floor. Restrictive Rule
An amendment on a matter unrelated to a bill that is added to the bill so that it will "ride" to passage through congress. Rider
A bill that has a lot of riders. Christmas Tree bill
The minimum number of members who must be present to call for business to be conducted in congress. Quorum
A calling of the roll in either house of Congress to see whether the number of representatives in attendance meets the minimum number required to conduct official business. Quorum Call
A rule used by the Senate to end or limit debate. Designed to prevent "talking a bill to death" by filibusters. For a bill to pass in the Senate, three-fifths of the entire senate membership must vote for it. (60 senators) Cloture Rule
A procedure to keep the senate going during a filibuster in which the disputed bill is shelved temporarily so that the Senate can get along with its business. Double tracking
A congressional voting procedure in which members shout "yea" in approval or "nay" in disapproval; allows members to vote quickly or anonymously on bills. Voice Vote
A congressional voting procedure in which members stand and are counted. Division vote
A congressional voting procedure in which members pass between two tellers, the "yeas" first and then the "nays". Since 1971 the identities of members in a teller vote can be "recorded" Teller vote
A congressional voting procedure that consists of members answering "yea" or "nay" to their names. When roll calls were handled orally, it was a time consuming process in the House. Since 1973 an electronic voting system permits faster voting. Roll-Call vote
Legislation that gives tangible benefits (highways, dams, post offices) to constituents in several districts or states in the hope of winning their votes in return. Pork-Barrel legislation
The ability of members of Congress to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by substituting their facsimile signature (frank) for postage. Franking privilege
Created by: 1598778395