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APES Ch30Vocab Lytle

Lytle - APES Ch 30 Vocab

composting Biochemical process in which organic materials, such as lawn clippings and kitchen scraps are decomposed to a rich soil-like material.
deep-well disposal Method of disposal of hazardous liquid waste that involves pumping the waste deep into the ground below and completely isolated from all freshwater aquifers.A controversial method of waste disposal being carefully evaluated.
e-waste Waste from electronic products.
environmental audit Process of determining the past history of a particular site, with special reference to the existence of toxic materials or waste
environmental justice The principle of dealing with environmental problems in such a way as to not discriminate against people based upon socioeconomic status, race, or ethnic group.
hazardous waste Waste that is classified as definitely or potentially hazardous to the health of people. Examples include toxic or flammable liquids and a variety of heavy metals, pesticides, and solvents
incineration Combustion of waste at high temperature, consuming material and leaving only ash and noncombustibles to dispose of in a landfill
industrial exology Process of designing industrial systems to behave more like ecosystems where waste from one part of the system is a resource for another part.
integrated waste management (IWM) Set of management alternatives including reuse, source reduction, recycling composting landfill, and incineration.
land application Method of disposal of azardous waste tat ivolves intentional application of waste material to surface soil. Useful for certain biodegradable industrial waste such as oil and petroleum waste and some organic chemical waste
leachate Noxious, mineralized liquid capable of transporting bacterial pollutants. Produced when water infiltrates through waste material and becomes contaminated and polluted.
materials management Term related to waste management consistent with the ideals of industrial ecology that makes better use of materials,leading to more sustainable use of resources
monitoring Process of collecting data on regular basis at specific sites to provide a database from which to evaluate change.Example, collection of water samples from beneath a landfill to provide early warning should a pollution problem arise.
pollution prevention Identifying ways to avoid the generation of waste rather than finding ways to dispose of it.
recycle Integral part of waste management that attempts to identify resources in the waste stream that may be collected and reused.
reduce With respect to waste management, refers to practices that will reduce the amount of waste we produce
reuse With respect to waste management, refers to finding ways to reuse production and materials so they need not be disposed of.
sanitary landfill Method of disposal of solid waste without creating a nuisance or hazard to public health or safety. Sanitary landfills are highly engineered structures with multiple barriers&collection systems to minimize environmental problems
secure landfill Type of landfill designed specifically for hazardous waste.Similar to modern sanitary landfill in that it includes multiple barriers & collection systems to ensure leachate does not contaminate soil & other resources.
surface impoundment Method of disposal of some liquid hazardous waste. This method is controversial,and many sites have been closed.
Created by: jdlytle