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Government Final!

Government Final review

QuestionAnswer
A _____ is the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles,structures, and processes of government. constitution
A ____ often described as a centralized government, is one in which all powers held by the government belong to a single, central agency unitary government
Under a ___, the government must resign if it receives a "vote of no confidence." parliamentary government
___ is the power to make law and frame policies. legislative
The power to interpret laws, determine their meaning, and settle disputes within a society is known as_____. judicial power
Independent states that agree to form a(n) ___ may still retain their separate identities. confederation
The structure of a(n) ___ requires that power be divided between a state's central and local levels of government federal government
called for representation in Congress by population or by the amount of money given to the central government Virgina Plan
idea that government should serve the will of the people democracy
agreement that, in Congress,States be represented equally in the Senate and by population in the House connecticut compromise
those for whom the Constitution represented a too-powerful central government Anti-Federalist
first English charter of liberties which included such fundamental rights as trial by jury and due process of law English Bill of Rights
organized action to change opponents' behavior by refusing to buy or sell their goods boycott
statement that Parliament forced the king to sign, declaring that even a monarch musst obey the law of the land Magna Carta
organized by people to whom the king had made a grant of land available and could be settled and governed in whatever manner they saw fit charter colonies
From its one chamber, the ___ legislature of the Second Continental Congress exercised both legislative and executive poewers. unicam
The colonists organized a boycott of all trade with England, hoping to force the ___ of restrictive laws. repeal
Some of the 13 colonies were established by ___, under a grant of authority from the English crown. charter
No one opposed __ of the Constitution more vehemently than Patrick Henry. ratification
A(n) __ is a way to change the Constitution amendment
The government and its officers must obey the __, which is another way of describing the concept of limited government. rule of law
A(n) ___ is one of the seven numbered sections of the Constitution. article
The system of __ helps keep one branch of government from dominating the actions of the others. checks and ballances
The Constitution provdes for the __ by creating three distinct branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial. seperation of powers
A(n) -__ carries the same force of law as a treaty. executive agreement
A governmental action that denies someone fair and equal treatment under the law may be declared ___. unconstitutional
The first ten amendments are called the ___. Bill of Rights
Changes to the written provisions of the Constitution may be made only through the process of _____. formal amendment
those powers exercised soley by the National government exclusive power
federal aid given to States and local governments with virtually no conditions attahed grant-in-aid program
those powers not denied to the States, and not granted specifically to the National Goverment by the Constitution Reserved powers
the seperation of governmental powers between the National Government and the 50 State governments Division of Powers
those powers granted in the Constitution only to the National Government expressed powers
In order for a new State to be admitted to the Union, Congress must pass a(n) ___ after a State constitution has been approved by the people of the proposed State. act of admission
Congress must pass a(n) ___ before a territory can write a proposed State constitution enabling act
A territory seeking Statehood is first directed to prepare a State constitution by means of a(n)___. enabling act
The National Government has three types of ___ that have been granted to it in the Constitution. delegated powers
consisting of several distinct cultures pluralistic society
Created by: tori22