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CALCIUM CHLORIDE

QuestionAnswer
Classification Extracellular mEq Supplied in Rx box 1 gm/10ml prefilled syringe
Description Calcium is an essential component for functional integrity of the nervous and muscular systems, for normal cardiac contractily and the coagulation of blood. Calcium chloride contains 27.2% elemental calcius. Calcium chloride is a hypertonic solution and s
Indications Renal pts in cardiac arrest; Antidote for calcium channel blocker toxicity (OD) Heperkalemia; Hypocalcaemia e.g after blood transfusion and to prevent hypertensive effects of calcium channel blocking agents ie verapamil and diltiazem.
Contradictions VF during cardiac resuscitation; in pts with digitalis toxicity; hypercallcemia
Precautions In pts taking digitalis may precipitate digitalis toxicity
Side Effects Decreased heart rate- may cause asystole; Deceased in BP; Metallic taste; Severe local abscess, narcosis and sloughing following IM use or IV infiltration
Dosage/Admin Renal failure Adult Asystole 1 gm SLOW IVP (Rx Box has 1 10ml prefilled syringe contains 1 gm) ADULT CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKER OVERDOSE: 0.5gm SLOW IVP repeat on physician order
How Supplied 10 % sol 1gm/10ml ampules, vials, and prefilled syringes
Created by: fsneumann