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Classification Sedative, Anticonvulsant
Pharm/Action 1) Tranquillizes calms patient 2) Suppresses seizure activity 3) Relaxes skeletal muscle
Indications 1) To seduce conscious patients when synchronized cardioversion is required or prior to intubation 2) As an anticonvulsant for seizures 3) As a skeletal muscle relaxant 4) Consider use in cocaine overdose
Contraindications Contraindicated for pts with glaucoma ; hypersensitivity ETOH
Precautions 1) Use with caution in COPD patients or patients with respiratory depression (from any source) 2) Use with caution in hypotension patients
Side Effects 1) Transient hypotension 2) Reflex Tachycardia 3) Respiratory depression/ arrest 4) Dizziness Ataxia 5) Can cause local venous irritation
Administration Adults 2-10mg SLOW IV bolus 2 mins Titrate until desired degree of sedation obtained or seizure activity is controlled IF UNABLE TO START IV ADMINISTER RECTALLY USING TEFLON IV CATH W/NEEDLE REMOVED OR 1CC SYRINGE
Special Notes 1) Should not be mixed with other drugs. Administer close to IV site followed by rapid flush 2) Synergistic effect when mixed with other CNS depressants (ETOH) 3) Requires hospital RN/physician witness for wasting of unused Rx
Created by: fsneumann