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APgovCH7Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Party column ballot Ballot in which all candidates are listed under the party designations making it easy for voters to cast votes for all the candidates of one party
Office block ballot ballot in which all candidates are listed under the office for which they are running
Non-partisan a local or judicial election in which party affiliation is not listed on ballots
Patronage the dispensing of government jobs to persons who belong to the winning political party
Soft money money contributed to party building purposes that does not have to be disclosed under federal law
Honeymoon a period at the president’s term in which the prez enjoys general positive relations with the press and congress ( usually 6 months)
Caucus a meeting of political party members to choose party officials and/or candidates for public office and to decide the platform
Party convention a meeting of party delegates to pass on matters of policy and in some cases to select party candidates for public office
Direct Primary election open to all member of the party in which voters choose the person who will be the party’s nominees in the general election
Open primary a primary in which any voter regardless of party, may vote
Cross-over voting a member of one party voting for the candidate of another party
Closed primary a primary in which only persons registered in the party holding the primary may vote
Proportional representation an election system in which each party running receives the portion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote
Winner-take-all an election system in which candidates with the most votes wins.
Minor party a small political party that rises and falls with a charismatic candidate or, if composed of ideologies on the right or left, usually persists over time (aka 3rd party)
Realigning election an election during periods of historic change in the economy and society that proves to be a turning point, defining the agenda of politics and the alignment of voters within parties
Laissez-faire doctrine opposing governmental interference in economic affairs beyond what is necessary to protect life and property
Keynesian economics economic principles based on the principles advocated by John Maynard Keynes; increasing governmental spending during business slumps and curbing spending during booms
Divided government governance divided between the parties, especially when one controls the white house and the other controls congress
Political party an organization that seeks political power by electing people to office so that its positions and philosophy become public policy
National party convention the national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who assemble once every 4 years, to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform, elect officers, and adopt rules
Party registration the act of declaring party affiliation; required by some states when one registers to vote
Party identification an informal and subjective affiliation with a political party that most people acquire in childhood
Deallignment change in the composition of electorate or its partisan preferences that points to a rejection of both major parties and a rise in the number of independents
Created by: merzicle