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Mrs. Edwards review

A change in an organism's surroundings that causes it to react is called a... stimulus
What do all living things need to survive? water
What is taxonomy? the scientific study of how living things are classified
Why do scientists organize living things into groups? so that the organisms will be easier to study
What is binomial nomenclature? a naming system in which each organism is given a two-part name
An organism's scientific name consists of... its genus name and its species name
The more classification levels that two organisms share, the more characteristics they have in common
The gradual change in species over time is called.... evolution
One characteristic used to place organisms into kingdoms is... their ability to make food
Which kingdom includes only multicellular heterotrophs? animals
The process of change that occurs during an organism's life to produce a more complex organism is called... development
What is the most abundant chemical found in living cells? water
Which classification levels are broader than the phylum level? domain and kingdom
What is the broadest classification level? domain
A plant grows toward the light. The plant's action is an example of... a response
What contribution of Charles Darwin had a major impact on classification? his theory of evolution
The source of energy for most autotrophs is... the sun
Which domains include only prokaryotes? bacteria and archaea
What characteristics do all plants share? being an autotroph, multicellular, and a eukaryote
Which kingdoms include both unicellular and multicellular organisms? protists and fungi
An organism that can make its own food is called a(n)... autotroph
What makes a leaf appear green? chlorophyll
What does the prefix homeo- mean? same
Photosynthesis takes place in a plant cell's... chloroplast
The energy that powers photosynthesis comes from... the sun
The study of where organisms live is called biogeography
The ocean prevents the kangaroo from dispersing throughout the world. The ocean is an example of which limit to dispersal? a physical barrier
The typical weather pattern in an area over a long period of time is called... climate
A group of ecosystems with similar climates and organisms is called a(n)... biome
Which land biome is extremely cold and dry? the tundra
An organism that cannot makes its own food is called a... heterotroph
Which land biome receives less than 25 cm of rain per year? the desert
Which biome is found where the fresh water of a river meets the salt water of the ocean? estuary
The very slow movement of the continents is called... continental drift
What are the products of photosynthesis? oxygen and sugar (glucose)
What happens during photosynthesis? the cell uses the energy in sunlight to make food
What product of PHOTOSYNTHESIS do all living things need to survive? oxygen
How does photosynthesis benefit heterotrophs? it creates the food that they can eat
What happens during respiration? glucose is broken down, releasing energy
The stage of respiration that releases most of the energy in glucose occurs in the... mitochondria
How are photosynthesis and respiration related? they have opposite equations
Respiration and photosynthesis keep the levels of carbon dioxide and oxygen in the atmosphere... fairly constant
Which term refers to the production of energy by a cell without using oxygen? fermentation
What would cause Justin to have leg cramps after running the 2 minute mile in gym class? lactic-acid fermentation
What causes lactic-acid fermentation? Lack of oxygen
What captures energy from sunlight during photosynthesis? chlorophyll
What does the prefix hetero- mean? different
Carbon dioxide enters the plant through the... stomata
Respiration in most cells requires... oxygen
What causes a form of alcoholic fermentation? yeast
What does the prefix auto- mean? self
What does the suffix -troph mean? nutrition
Where does photosynthesis take place in the cell? chloroplast
Taxonomic keys can be useful to help determine the ___________ of a substance. identity
What is a factor used to place organisms into different domains? ability to make food
What type of energy is released during respiration? ATP
Which stage of respiration releases the most amount of energy from glucose? stage two
Who was the naturalist known for his theories on evolution and natural selection? Charles Darwin
Raw materials for respiration are produced as a result of... photosynthesis
Oxygen is required for which stage of respiration? stage two
The movement of organisms from one location to another is known as... dispersal
A tree that sheds its leaves and grows new ones each year. deciduous tree
Who developed binomial nomenclature? Carolus Linnaeus
Which kingdom of classification is important as decomposers? fungi
What determines an area's biome? climate
What is an organism whose cells lack a nucleus? a prokaryote
What is an organism whose cells contain a nucleus? a eukaryote
Which cell process occurs in the cytoplasm and mitochondria? respiration
Which cell process is performed by plants (autotrophs only)? photosynthesis
Which cell process occurs in the chloroplast? photosynthesis
Which cell process is performed by plants and animals? respiration
Which cell process breaks down glucose for energy? respiration
Which cell process makes food from sunlight? photosynthesis
Which cell process produces glucose and oxygen? photosynthesis
Which cell process produces water, carbon dioxide, and energy? respiration
Created by: AMSedwards