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AP Gov Ch 7 vocab

Ch 7 Terms: Political Parties: Essential to Democracy

party column ballot Ballot in which all candidates are listed under their party designations, making it easy for voters to cast votes for all candidates of one party
office block ballot ballot in which all candidates are listed under the office for which they are running
nonpartisan a local or judicial election in which party affiliation is not listed on ballots
patronage the dispensing of gov't jobs to persons who belong to the winning political party
soft money money contributed for party-building purposes that doesn't have to be disclosed under federal law
honeymoon A period at the beginning of a new president's term in which he/she enjoys generally positive relation w/the press & Congress, usually lasting about 6 months
caucus A meeting of local party members to choose party officials and/or candidates for public office & to decide the platform
party convention a meeting of party delegates to pass on matters of policy & in some cases to select party candidates for public office
direct primary election open to all members of the party in which voters choose the persons who will be the party's nominees in the general election
open primary a primary in which any voter, regardless of party, may vote
crossover voting A member of one party voting for a candidate of another party
closed primary A primary in which only people registered in the party holding the primary may vote
proportional representation An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote
winner takes all An election system in which the candidate w/the most votes win
minor party A small political party that rises & falls w/a charismatic candidate or, if composed of ideologies on the right or left, usually persists over time; also called a third party
realigning election an election during the periods of historic change in the economy & society that proves to be a turning point, redefining the agenda of politics & the alignment of votes w/in parties
laissez faire doctrine opposing governmental interference in economic affairs beyond what is necessary to protect life and property
Keynesian economics Economic principles based on the principles advocated by John Maynard Keynes: increasing gov't spending during business slumps & curbing spending during blooms
divided gov't Governance divided between the parties, especially when one controls the White House and the other controls Congress
political party An organization that seeks political power by electing people to office so its positions and philosophy become public policy
national party convention the national meeting of delegates elected in primaries, caucuses, or state conventions who assemble once every 4 yrs to nominate candidates for president and vice president, ratify the party platform elect officers, & adopt rules
party registration the act of declaring party affiliation; required by some states when one registers to vote
party identification an informal & subjective affiliation w/a political party that most people acquire in childhood
dealignment change in the composition of the electorate or its partisan preferences that points to a rejection of both major parties & rise in the number of Independents
Created by: 838775471



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