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EMT-IParamedic A&P1

Study for EMT-I Paramedic. A&P Cells

QuestionAnswer
What is the normal state of balance between all of the body,s systems? Homeostasis http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JpChHtO60BU&feature=related
What is the combination of all chemical processes that take place in the body? Metabolism http://www.ehow.co.uk/video_4397745_metabolism_.html
What is the process by which oxygenated blood is delivered to the body's tissue and wastes are removed from the tissue? Perfusion
What is a salt that is broken down into Ions called. Electrolyte http://www.nephrologychannel.com/electrolytes/index.shtml
What is a substance capable of dissolving other substances? Solvent
What is a positively charged electrolyte? Cation Sodium(Na), Potassium(K), Calcium(Ca), and Magnesium(Mg2)
What is a negatively charged electrolyte? Anion Chloride(Cl), Bicarbonate(HCO3), Phosphate(HPO)
What is the "Constructive," or the building, phase, in which smaller molicules are converted to larger ones? Anabolism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0OM-Qjdj88
What is the "Destructive," or breakdown, phase, in which larger molecules are converted to smaller molecules? Catabolism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0OM-Qjdj88
What is the sugar that is used to fuel the cells of the body called? Glucose http://www.icyou.com/video-source/doctors-and-experts/what-glucose-ask-dr-mona+
Glucose stored in the liver is called? Glycogen
What is the pathway or process in which a cell breaks down glucose into energy. Glycolysis
What is the cell membrane that allows some substances to enter or leave while restricting the passage of others? Semi-permeable membrane
What is a solution that has an osmotic pressure equal to normal body fluid? Isotonic
What is a solution that has an osmotice pressure less than that of normal body fluid? Hypotonic
What is a solution that has an osmotice pressure greater than that of normal body Hypertonic
If you place a red blood cell into a hypotonic solution, what will happen to the cell? The cell will swell and burst.
If you place a red blood cell into a hypertonic solution, what will happen to the cell The cell is going to shrink.
What is the continual movement of particles from an area of higher concentration to one of a lower concentration until even throughout available space? Diffusion
what is the movement of water across the semipermeable membrane called? Osmosis
What type of diffusion transports molecules of a substance across a cell membrane that would otherwise be impermeable? Facilitated diffusion
What type of transport uses ATP to move solutes against their concentration gradient. Active Transport
What metabolism occurs with oxygen and glucose to fuel the cell and produce energy? Aerobic Metabolism
What metabolism occurs without oxygen and produces lactic acid? Anaerobic Metabolism
How many total ATP molecules are produced during normal metabolis 40
Created by: Gunny